Pulmonary function in preoperative, postoperative and post hospital discharge after heart surgery: controlled clinical study

  • Jully Wendy Soares
  • Gabriela Xavier Santos
  • Monica Beatriz Ferreira
  • Bruno Bonfim Foresti
  • Danillo barbosa Universidade Estadual do Centro Oeste do Paraná - Unicentro http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1353-1084
  • Viviane Cristine Ferreira
Keywords: Heart Surgery; Respiratory Muscle Strength; Peak Expiratory Flow.

Abstract

Background: Cardiac surgery may influence respiratory function at different times, such as before and after surgery, and after hospital
discharge. Objective: Evaluate the respiratory functionality (respiratory muscle strength and peak expiratory flow-PEF) of pre, postoperative
and post-hospital discharge of cardiac surgery patients at a Regional Hospital in the south of Minas Gerais. Methods: The sample consisted of
11 subjects: 6 women (54.4%) and 5 men (45.46%), with mean age of ± 60 years. The mean height, weight and BMI were respectively: ±1.61m,
±71.08kg and ±26.89. Results: The values of the functional variables were lower than expected; men had the highest values of maximal
inspiratory pressure (MIP), maximal expiratory pressure (MEP) and PEF at the 3 moments; there was correlation rs < 1 p < 0.01 of PRE MIP and
POS MIP; PRE MIP and POS MEP; third day MIP and PRE MIP; and POS MEP and PRE MEP. Conclusion: men had the highest values of
respiratory functional variables. The analysis of the variables at the 3 moments showed that after hospital discharge most of them reduced their
values. The post hospital discharge should be a concern of professionals assisting cardiac surgery patients.

Published
20-10-2020
How to Cite
Soares, J. W., Santos, G. X., Ferreira, M. B., Foresti, B. B., barbosa, D., & Ferreira, V. C. (2020). Pulmonary function in preoperative, postoperative and post hospital discharge after heart surgery: controlled clinical study. Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal, 18, 1-7. https://doi.org/10.17784/mtprehabjournal.2020.18.773
Section
Research articles