Malocclusion influence on balance and posture: a systematic review.


  • Tatiane Garcia Stancker
  • Andréia Cristina de Oliveira Silva
  • Hugo Pasin Neto
  • Cristiane Delgado Alves Rodrigues



Occlusion, Posture, Body Balance.


Introduction: Malocclusion can be defined as an imbalance between the masticatory system and neuromuscular Temporomandibular joint. It is considered as a result of the sum of genetic, environmental and postural elements therefore of multifactorial origin. Objective: To review the existing literature if malocclusion influence in posture and balance of the subject. Methods: This is a systematic review, which searched up clinical studies, published between 2009 and 2014 in English, Portuguese and Spanish, in the databases SciELO, PubMed, Lilacs and Sience Direct, using the keywords malocclusion/posture and malocclusion/body balance. Studies were included that had to evaluate the posture and/or balance in patients with malocclusion, were excluded systematic reviews and studies that did not correspond to the proposed theme. Results: In addition to the articles found in all databases, the corpus generated by the literature consisted of 828 records; 13 of them responded to the proposed theme. About the selected literature, eight studies showed significant results regarding the relationship between malocclusion and posture, and two as malocclusion and body balance. Conclusion: it was concluded that malocclusion is associated with the posture of the changes, since the balance, only two studies presented this outcome and was in a considered positive for the worsening of static equilibrium, but with no clinical application, and another positive for improves dynamic balance.


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How to Cite

Stancker, T. G., Silva, A. C. de O., Neto, H. P., & Rodrigues, C. D. A. (2015). Malocclusion influence on balance and posture: a systematic review. Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal, 1–6.