EMG frequency spectral characteristics of inspiratory accessory muscles during the shoulder lifting motion in throwing athletes


  • Charlini Simoni Hartz
  • Paulo Fernandes Pires
  • Marlene Aparecida Moreno
  • Delaine Rodrigues Bigaton




Handball; Muscular fatigue; Electromyography.


Background: Dysfunctions related to the shoulder joint are very common in throwing athletes, due to the overhead generated in
repetitive movements with your arms above your head. In addition, in handball, the movements are of high intensity, which generates
a large metabolic demand and high ventilatory demands. Studies show that highest work of the respiratory muscles, coupled with
high mechanical requirement in the upper limbs, generates a dual requirement under the inspiratory muscles in these athletes,
leading to limitations related to muscle fatigue. Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the EMG frequency spectral
characteristics (fatigue index) to accessory muscles of inspiration, through the induction of shoulder elevation movement in handball
athletes. Method/Design: The sample consisted of 25 male athletes with an average age of 20 years. Fatigue index was measured by
surface electromyography (mean and median frequency - Hz), in which the volunteers performed isometric movement of elevation
of the shoulders, and after collection, the data were processed off-line on Matlab R2014a software. For statistical analysis used the
Shapiro-Wilk test to test the normality of the data, followed by the comparison of data through the Student t test for independent samples.
Significant difference was considered for p value <0.05. Results: The results showed a significant difference between the mean and
median frequency values for the sternocleidomastoid muscle right compared to the left sternocleidomastoid muscle. Conclusions: We
conclude that during isometric movement of shoulder elevation, there was asymmetry in the frequency spectral characteristics of only
one accessory muscles of inspiration, presenting asymmetry, and greater fatigue in the sternocleidomastoid muscle dominant side in
relation to the non-dominant side.


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How to Cite

Hartz, C. S., Pires, P. F., Moreno, M. A., & Bigaton, D. R. (2015). EMG frequency spectral characteristics of inspiratory accessory muscles during the shoulder lifting motion in throwing athletes. Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal, 1–5. https://doi.org/10.17784/mtprehabJournal.2015.13.232



Research articles