Editorial Rules

Summary

I. Overview

Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal adopts the principles of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) and endorses the World Association of Medical Editors (WAME) Policy Statement on Geopolitical Intrusion on Editorial Decisions Submission of a manuscript to a Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal implies that all authors have read and agreed to its content and that the manuscript conforms to the journal’s policies.

Each article type published by Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal follows a specific format, as detailed in the corresponding instructions for authors; please choose an article type from the below list.

The instructions for authors includes information about preparing a manuscript for submission to Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal, criteria for publication and the online submission process.



II. Authorship

According to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) guidelines, the individual contributions of authors should be specified in the manuscript. Please see Instructions for Authors for information on the format for listing author contribution.

As described in the European Medical Writers Association (EMWA) guidelines, the involvement of scientific (medical) writers or anyone else who assisted with the preparation of the manuscript content should be acknowledged, along with their source of funding.



III. Publication Ethics & Publication Malpractice

All research must have been carried out within an appropriate ethical framework. If there is suspicion that work has not taken place within an appropriate ethical framework, Editors will follow ours Misconduct policy and may reject the manuscript, and/or contact the author(s)’ institution or ethics committee. On rare occasions, if the Editor has serious concerns about the ethics of a study, the manuscript may be rejected on ethical grounds, even if approval from an ethics committee has been obtained.

Research involving human subjects, human material, or human data

Research involving human subjects, human material, or human data, must have been performed in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki and must have been approved by an appropriate ethics committee. The name of the ethics committee and the protocol number should be informed on the manuscript, preferably in the first paragraph of Method. If a study has been granted an exemption from requiring ethics approval, this should also be detailed in the manuscript (including the name of the ethics committee that granted the exemption). Further information and documentation to support this should be made available to Editors on request.

New clinical tools and procedures

Authors reporting the use of a new procedure or tool in a clinical setting, for example as a technical advance or case report, must give a clear justification in the manuscript for why the new procedure or tool was deemed more appropriate than usual clinical practice to meet the patient’s clinical need. Such justification is not required if the new procedure is already approved for clinical use at the authors’ institution. Authors will be expected to have obtained ethics committee approval and informed patient consent for any experimental use of a novel procedure or tool where a clear clinical advantage based on clinical need was not apparent before treatment.

Consent

For all research involving human subjects, informed consent to participate in the study should be obtained from participants (or their parent or guardian in the case of children under 18).

For all manuscripts that include details, images, or videos relating to individual participants, written informed consent for the publication of these must be obtained from the participants. In cases where images are entirely unidentifiable and there are no details on individuals reported within the manuscript, consent for publication of images may not be required.

Research involving animals

Experimental research on vertebrates or any regulated invertebrates must comply with institutional, national, or international guidelines, and where available should have been approved by an appropriate ethics committee. The name of the ethics committee and the protocol number should be informed on the manuscript, preferably in the first paragraph of Method. For studies involving client-owned animals, authors must document informed client consent and adherence to a high standard (best practice) of veterinary care. Authors are encouraged to conform to the Animal Research: Reporting In Vivo Experiments (ARRIVE) guidelines for reporting animal studies.

Field studies should be conducted in accordance with local legislation, and the manuscript should include a statement specifying the appropriate permissions and/or licences. We recommend that authors comply with the Convention on Biological Diversity and the Convention on the Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora.



IV. Misconduct

Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal takes seriously all allegations of potential misconduct.

In cases of suspected research or publication misconduct, it may be necessary for Editors to contact and share manuscripts with third parties, for example, author(s)’ institution(s) and ethics committee(s).

Correction and retraction articles

Rarely, it may be necessary for Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal to publish corrections to, or retractions of, articles published in its journals, so as to maintain the integrity of the academic record.

In line with Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal Rules, corrections to, or retractions of, published articles will be made by publishing a Correction or Retraction article, without altering the original article in any way other than to add a prominent link to the Correction/Retraction article. The original article remains in the public domain and the subsequent correction or retraction will be widely indexed. In the exceptional event that material is considered to infringe certain rights or is defamatory we may have to remove that material from our site and archive sites.

It may be possible for minor corrections to published articles to be made by the original author(s) posting a comment on the published article. This would only be appropriate where the changes do not affect the results or conclusions of the article.

Policy comments on social networks

Readers can comment on our social networks about all articles published in Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal. However reserve the right to decline to post a comment deemed inappropriate and the right to remove a comment at any time.

Will not be accepted indecent, offensive comments or contain negative content for personal, racial, ethnic, sexual orientation, or religious character. We will not post comments that appear to be defamatory or legally problematic.

Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal will also not accept comments that present evidence suggestive of the need for changes in practice or thinking in terms of preventive or therapeutic interventions, if that evidence has not previously been published in a peer-reviewed journal. We will not post comments that give information on individual patients.

Appeals or complaints

Appeals

Authors have the right to appeal rejection of their manuscript. Appeals should be based on the scientific content of the manuscript and its suitability for publication rather than concerns about the process. Authors wishing to appeal a rejection should contact the Editor-in-chief. Authors should note that new submissions are prioritized over appeals, so authors may not receive a decision on their appeal immediately. The Editor’s decision on the appeal is final.

Complaints

Authors wishing to make a complaint should, in the first instance, contact the Editor-in-chief who will make them aware of the individual complaints procedure.



V. Submission process

Manuscripts must be submitted by one of the authors of the manuscript, and should not be submitted by anyone on their behalf. The submitting author takes responsibility for the article during submission and peer review.

Information on rates expedient of publication can be accessed in "Article-processing charges".

To facilitate rapid publication and to minimize administrative costs, the journal only uses online submission. The submission process can be interrupted at any time; when users return to the site, they can carry on where they left off. The link is: http://www.submission-mtprehabjournal.com 

During submission you will be asked to provide a cover letter. Use this to explain why your manuscript should be published in the journal. You will be also asked to provide the contact details (including email addresses) of potential peer reviewers for your manuscript. These should be experts in their field, who will be able to provide an objective assessment of the manuscript. Any suggested peer reviewers should not have published with any of the authors of the manuscript within the past three years, should not be current collaborators, and should not be members of the same research institution. Suggested reviewers will be considered alongside potential reviewers recommended by the Editorial staff.

We provide a collection of links to useful tools and resources for scientific authors on our home page or by email (editorial@mtprehabjournal.com).

File format

The file format acceptable for the main manuscript document is Microsoft word (DOC, DOCX).



VI. Cover letter, conflict of interest and copyright transfer agreement

Click here to download the file.



VII. Competing Interests

Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal requires authors to declare all competing interests in relation to their work. All submitted manuscripts must include a ‘competing interests’ section at the end of the manuscript listing all competing interests (financial and non-financial). Where authors have no competing interests, the statement should read “The author(s) declare(s) that they have no competing interests”. Editors may ask for further information relating to competing interests.

Editors and reviewers are also required to declare any competing interests and will be excluded from the peer review process if a competing interest exists.

What constitutes a competing interest?

Competing interests may be financial or non-financial. A competing interest exists when the authors’ interpretation of data or presentation of information may be influenced by their personal or financial relationship with other people or organizations. Authors should disclose any financial competing interests but also any non-financial competing interests that may cause them embarrassment if they were to become public after the publication of the article.

Financial competing interests include (but are not limited to):

  1. Receiving reimbursements, fees, funding, or salary from an organization that may in any way gain or lose financially from the publication of the article, either now or in the future.
  2. Holding stocks or shares in an organization that may in any way gain or lose financially from the publication of the article, either now or in the future.
  3. Holding, or currently applying for, patents relating to the content of the manuscript.
  4. Receiving reimbursements, fees, funding, or salary from an organization that holds or has applied for patents relating to the content of the manuscript.

Non-financial competing interests include (but are not limited to) political, personal, religious, ideological, academic, and intellectual competing interests. If, after reading these guidelines, you are unsure whether you have a competing interest, please contact the Editor.



VIII. Clinical trail registration

Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal supports initiatives to improve reporting of clinical trials. This includes prospective registering of clinical trials in suitable publicly available databases. In line with ICMJE guidelines, our jornal recomends registration of all clinical trials that are reported in manuscripts submitted to its journals.

We ask authors to record their essays in a location that meets certain criteria. The record must be free and public access. The record shall be open to all prospective entries and must be administered by a nonprofit organization. There must be a mechanism to ensure the validity of the registration data and it should be capable of electronic search.

The Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal recommends that authors include the number of the record at the end of the abstract.

The ICMJE use the World Health Organization (WHO) definition of a clinical trial, which is "any research study that prospectively assigns human participants or groups of humans to one or more health-related interventions to evaluate the effects on health outcomes". This definition includes phase I to IV trials. The ICMJE define health-related interventions as "any intervention used to modify a biomedical or health-related outcome" and health-related outcomes as "any biomedical or health-related measures obtained in patients or participants". If you are unsure whether your trial needs registering, see the ICMJE FAQs for further information.



IX. Registration of systematic reviews

Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal supports the prospective registration of systematic reviews and encourages authors to register their systematic reviews in a suitable registry (such as PROSPERO). Authors who have registered their systematic review should include the registration number in the last line of the manuscript abstract.



X. Standards of reporting

Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal  supports initiatives aimed at improving the reporting of biomedical research. We recommend authors refer to the EQUATOR network website  for further information on the available reporting guidelines for health research and the MIBBI Portal  for reporting checklists for biological and biomedical research where applicable. Authors are requested to make use of these when drafting their manuscript, and peer reviewers may also be asked to refer to these checklists when evaluating such studies. Checklists are available for a number of study designs, including randomized controlled trials (CONSORT), systematic reviews (PRISMA), observational studies (STROBE), meta-analyses of observational studies (MOOSE), diagnostic accuracy studies (STARD), qualitative studies (RATS), and economic evaluations (CHEERS). For authors of systematic reviews, an additional file, linked from the ‘methods’ section, should reproduce all details concerning the search strategy. For an example of how a search strategy should be presented, see the Cochrane Reviewers' Handbook.



XI. Publication of clinical datasets

Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal  publish datasets. For datasets containing clinical data, authors have an ethical and legal responsibility to respect participants’ rights to privacy and to protect their identity. Ideally, authors should gain informed consent for publication of the dataset from participants at the point of recruitment to the trial. If this is not possible, authors must demonstrate that publication of such data does not compromise anonymity or confidentiality or breach local data protection laws, for the dataset to be considered for publication. Authors must consider whether the dataset contains any direct or indirect identifiers (reading http://www.trialsjournal.com/content/11/1/9  for further information) and consult their local ethics committee or other appropriate body before submission if there is any possibility that participants will not be fully anonymous. Authors must state in their manuscript on submission whether informed consent was obtained for publication of patient data. If informed consent was not obtained, authors must state the reason for this, and which body was consulted in the preparation of the dataset.



XII. Software

Any software application or tool described in the manuscript should be available for testing by reviewers in a way that preserves their anonymity. Your manuscript should include a description in the ‘availability and requirements’ section of how the reviewers can access the software. The software should be available through a website (e.g. GitHub  or Sourceforge or be included with the manuscript as an additional file. If published, the software application/tool should be readily available to any scientist wishing to use it for non-commercial purposes, without restrictions, such as the need for a material transfer agreement. If the implementation is not made freely available, then the manuscript should focus clearly on the development of the underlying method and not discuss the tool in any detail.



XIII. Duplicate publication

Any manuscript submitted to a Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal must be original and the manuscript, or substantial parts of it, must not be under consideration by any other journal. In any case where there is the potential for overlap or duplication we require that authors are transparent. Authors should declare any potentially overlapping publications on submission and, where possible, upload these as additional files with the manuscript. Any overlapping publications should be cited. Any ‘in press’ or unpublished manuscript cited, or relevant to Editors’ and reviewers' assessment of the manuscript, should be made available if requested by the Editors. Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal reserves the right to judge potentially overlapping or redundant publications on a case-by-case basis.

Complete manuscripts

Cochrane systematic reviews

Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal does not currently have a co-publication agreement with the Cochrane Library for its systematic reviews. Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal  will therefore only consider publishing novel Cochrane systematic reviews, or updated versions of articles in the Cochrane Library if they provide substantial new information.

Co-publication in multiple journals

If transparent, with prior agreement of the relevant journals and under the conditions specified in the ICMJE guidelines, co-publication in multiple journals will be considered at the Editor(s)' discretion.

Incomplete manuscripts

Abridged articles

At the Editor(s)' discretion, Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal  will consider manuscripts that are substantially extended versions of articles that have previously been published in another peer reviewed jornal. Our journal actively encourages this activity. In such cases the prior publication of an abridged version of the article would therefore not preclude publication, provided the new manuscript represents a substantially novel contribution to the scientific record. If applicable, the authors should seek approval from the original publisher before submitting the extended version of the manuscript.

Abstracts/posters

Prior abstracts of up to 400 words and posters presented at, or published as part of, academic meetings do not preclude consideration for peer review of a full manuscript as the full manuscript represents a formal advance to the citable scientific record. Published abstracts should be cited. Authors should be aware that many conference proceedings exceed the allowable limit and constitute a citable form.

Non-research articles/h4>

Authors of non-research articles (usually commissi oned reviews and commentaries) can include figures and tables that have been previously published in other journals provided they confirm on submission that permission has been obtained from the original publisher (if applicable) and cite the original article. Documentary evidence to support this permission must be made available to the Editor on request.

In order to avoid the potential for self-plagiarism, inadvertently or otherwise, authors agreeing to write commissioned articles should notify the Editor of any recent publications or invitations to write on a similar topic.

Open science

Articles may be submitted to Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal when data have been previously discussed or posted in such venues as blogs, wikis, social networking websites, or online electronic lab notebooks.

However, given the rapidly evolving nature of these resources, where discussion of data or manuscripts posted to these venues has subsequently been incorporated into the manuscript, the Editors may make their own assessment as to whether there may be duplication in the submitted manuscript.

Study protocol

Publication of study protocols reduces the risk of non-publication of research findings and facilitates methodological discussion and is encouraged by Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal . As such prior publication of a study protocol before submission of a manuscript reporting the results should not be considered duplicate publication.

Summary clinical trial results in public registries

Posting of summary clinical trial results in publicly accessible databases is generally not considered duplicate publication. Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal suggest authors of manuscripts reporting clinical trials to have registered their trial in a suitably accessible registry.



XIV. Citations

Research articles and non-research articles (e.g. Opinion, Review and Commentary articles) must cite appropriate and relevant literature in support of the claims made. Excessive and inappropriate self-citation or coordinated efforts among several authors to collectively self-cite is strongly discouraged.

Authors should consider the following guidelines when preparing their manuscript

  • Any statement in the manuscript that relies on external sources of information (ie not the authors own new ideas or findings or general knowledge) should use a citation.
  • Authors should avoid citing derivations of original work. For example, they should cite the original work rather than a review article that cites an original work.
  • Authors should ensure that their citations are accurate (ie they should ensure the citation supports the statement made in their manuscript and should not misrepresent another work by citing it if it does not support the point the authors wish to make).
  • Authors should not cite sources that they have not read.
  • Authors should not preferentially cite their own or their friends’, peers’ or institution’s publications.
  • Authors should avoid citing work solely from one country.
  • Authors should not use an excessive number of citations to support one point.
  • Ideally, authors should cite sources that have undergone peer review where possible.
  • Authors should not cite advertisments or advertorial material.


XV. Copyright/Libel

Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal  has a legal responsibility to ensure that do not publish material that infringes copyright or includes libellous or defamatory content. If a manuscript is perceived to contain potentially libellous content the Editors, with assistance from the publisher if required, will work with authors to remove the potentially problematic sections. Manuscripts containing material that infringes copyright or is potentially libellous or defamatory may be rejected.

Figures

Authors must have permission from the copyright holder to reproduce any figures that are covered by copyright and cite the original source. Documentary evidence to support this permission must be made available to the Editor on request. Figures reproduced from those published under the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 may be reproduced, but only with correct attribution.

Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal publishes the following article types:



XVI. Research articles

Criteria

Research articles should report on original primary research.

Preparing main manuscript text

General guidelines of the journal's style and language are given below.

Overview of manuscript sections for Research articles

Manuscripts for Research articles submitted to Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal should be divided into the following sections (in this order):

Title and identification page

The page should:

  • Provide the title of the article. The title of the manuscript must not exceed 120 characters including space and must include as much information about the study as possible. Ideally, the terms used in the title should not appear in the list of keywords.
  • Running title. A short title of up to 45 characters to be used as a legend on the printed pages.
  • Authors. Full name in capital letters without title followed by a superscript number (exponent) identifying the institutional affiliation (department, institution, city, state, country and email adress). For more than one author, separate using commas. Please, indicate the corresponding author.
  • Corresponding author: name, full address, email, and telephone number of the corresponding author who is authorized to approve editorial revisions and provide additional information if needed.

Please note:

  • the title should include the study design, for example "A versus B in the treatment of C: a randomized controlled trial X is a risk factor for Y: a case control study"
  • abbreviations within the title should be avoided

Abstract

The Abstract of the manuscript should not exceed 350 words and must be structured into separate sections: Background, the context and purpose of the study; Methods, how the study was performed and statistical tests used; Results, the main findings; Conclusions, brief summary and potential implications. Please minimize the use of abbreviations and do not cite references in the abstract. Trial registration, if your research article reports the results of a controlled health care intervention, please list your trial registry, along with the unique identifying number (e.g. Trial registration: Current Controlled Trials ISRCTN73824458). Please note that there should be no space between the letters and numbers of your trial registration number. We recommend manuscripts that report randomized controlled trials follow the CONSORT Statement .

Keywords

Three to six keywords representing the main content of the article.

A list of key words or indexing terms (no more than 6) should be included. A capital letter should be used for the first letter of each key word, separated by a semicolon. The Journal recommends the use of medical subject headings of Index Medicus for key words to avoid the use of several synonyms as entry terms in the index for different papers on the same subject. Remember, key words are used by the SciELO Database to index published articles.

Background

The Background section should be written in a way that is accessible to researchers without specialist knowledge in that area and must clearly state - and, if helpful, illustrate - the background to the research and its aims. Reports of clinical research should, where appropriate, include a summary of a search of the literature to indicate why this stu/dy was necessary and what it aimed to contribute to the field. The section should end with a brief statement of what is being reported in the article. An extensive listing or review of the literature is not recommended.

Methods

The methods section should include the design of the study, the setting, the type of participants or materials involved, a clear description of all interventions and comparisons, and the type of analysis used, including a power calculation if appropriate. Generic drug names should generally be used. When proprietary brands are used in research, include the brand names in parentheses in the Methods section.

All research related to humans should mention the number of protocol approval by a Research Ethics Committee, according to the Guidelines and Rules of Research Involving Human Subjects, in the Resolution of the National Health Council 196/96 and Statement of Helsinky 1975, as revised in 2000 .

For animal experiments, mention the number of accepted protocol, considering the international guidelines Pain, published in: Pain, 16:109-110, 1983 and Law No. 11.794, of 08/10/2008, of the Brazilian Federal Constitution, establishing procedures for the scientific use of animals and creates the National Council for the Control and animal Experimentation (CONCEA) and the Ethics Committee on Animal Use (CEUAs).

Results

The results should be presented clearly and concisely. Tables and figures should be used only when necessary for effective comprehension of the data. A total of five (5) combined tables and figures is allowed. Results of statistical analysis should include, where appropriate, relative and absolute risks or risk reductions, and confidence intervals. Appendices must be included in the number of words allowed in the manuscript. In the case of previously published tables, figures, and appendices, the authors must provide a signed permission from the author or editor at the time of submission.

Discussion

The purpose of the discussion is to interpret the results and to relate them to existing and available knowledge, especially the knowledge already presented in the Introduction. Be cautious when emphasizing recent findings. The data presented in the Methods and/or in the Results sections should not be repeated. Study limitations, implications, and clinical application to the areas of Manual therapy, Posturology and or rehabilitation sciences must be described.

Conclusions

This should state clearly the main conclusions of the research and give a clear explanation of their importance and relevance.

Abbreviations

If abbreviations are used in the text they should be defined in the text at first use.

Competing interests

A competing interest exists when your interpretation of data or presentation of information may be influenced by your personal or financial relationship with other people or organizations. Authors must disclose any financial competing interests; they should also reveal any non-financial competing interests that may cause them embarrassment were they to become public after the publication of the manuscript.

Authors are required to complete a declaration of competing interests. All competing interests that are declared will be listed at the end of published articles. Where an author gives no competing interests, the listing will read 'The author(s) declare that they have no competing interests'.

When completing your declaration, please consider the following questions:

Financial competing interests

  • In the past five years have you received reimbursements, fees, funding, or salary from an organization that may in any way gain or lose financially from the publication of this manuscript, either now or in the future? Is such an organization financing this manuscript (including the article-processing charge)? If so, please specify.
  • Do you hold any stocks or shares in an organization that may in any way gain or lose financially from the publication of this manuscript, either now or in the future? If so, please specify.
  • Do you hold or are you currently applying for any patents relating to the content of the manuscript? Have you received reimbursements, fees, funding, or salary from an organization that holds or has applied for patents relating to the content of the manuscript? If so, please specify.
  • Do you have any other financial competing interests? If so, please specify.

Non-financial competing interests

Are there any non-financial competing interests (political, personal, religious, ideological, academic, intellectual, commercial or any other) to declare in relation to this manuscript? If so, please specify.

If you are unsure as to whether you, or one your co-authors, has a competing interest please discuss it with the editorial office.

Authors' contributions

In order to give appropriate credit to each author of a paper, the individual contributions of authors to the manuscript should be specified in this section.

According to ICMJE guidelines,  an 'author' is generally considered to be someone who has made substantive intellectual contributions to a published study. To qualify as an author one should 1) have made substantial contributions to conception and design, or acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data; 2) have been involved in drafting the manuscript or revising it critically for important intellectual content; 3) have given final approval of the version to be published; and 4) agree to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content. Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group, alone, does not justify authorship.

We suggest the following kind of format (please use initials to refer to each author's contribution): AB carried out the molecular genetic studies, participated in the sequence alignment and drafted the manuscript. JY carried out the immunoassays. MT participated in the sequence alignment. ES participated in the design of the study and performed the statistical analysis. FG conceived of the study, and participated in its design and coordination and helped to draft the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, writing assistance, or a department chair who provided only general support.

Authors' information

You may choose to use this section to include any relevant information about the author(s) that may aid the reader's interpretation of the article, and understand the standpoint of the author(s). This may include details about the authors' qualifications, current positions they hold at institutions or societies, or any other relevant background information. Please refer to authors using their initials. Note this section should not be used to describe any competing interests.

Acknowledgements

Please acknowledge anyone who contributed towards the article by making substantial contributions to conception, design, acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data, or who was involved in drafting the manuscript or revising it critically for important intellectual content, but who does not meet the criteria for authorship. Please also include the source(s) of funding for each author, and for the manuscript preparation. Authors must describe the role of the funding body, if any, in design, in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data; in the writing of the manuscript; and in the decision to submit the manuscript for publication. Please also acknowledge anyone who contributed materials essential for the study. If a language editor has made significant revision of the manuscript, we recommend that you acknowledge the editor by name, where possible.

The role of a scientific (medical) writer must be included in the acknowledgements section, including their source(s) of funding. We suggest wording such as 'We thank Jane Doe who provided medical writing services.

References

All references, including URLs, must be numbered consecutively, in square brackets, in the order in which they are cited in the text, followed by any in tables or legends. Each reference must have an individual reference number. Please avoid excessive referencing (between 20 to 30). If automatic numbering systems are used, the reference numbers must be finalized and the bibliography must be fully formatted before submission.

Only articles, datasets, clinical trial registration records that have been published or are in press, or are available through public e-print/preprint servers, may be cited; Journal abbreviations follow Index Medicus/MEDLINE. Citations in the reference list should include first six named authors, up to the  sixth name add 'et al.'. Any in press articles cited within the references and necessary for the reviewers' assessment of the manuscript should be made available if requested by the editorial staff.

Style files are available for use with popular bibliographic management software:

Examples of the Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal reference style are shown below. Please ensure that the reference style is followed precisely; if the references are not in the correct style they may have to be retyped and carefully proofread.

The journal follows the reference format of the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals, which can be found on the website of the National Library of Medicine. Use the Medline journal abbreviations and follow the reference style shown on the Website noted above, with several exceptions. See below for details. All web links and URLs, including links to the authors' own websites, should be given a reference number and included in the reference list rather than within the text of the manuscript.

The following information must be given in the list of references:

Standard article.

Up to the first 6 authors followed by et al., Title, Journal (abbreviation), Year, Volume, Complete Pages.

Xu J, Liu M, Liu J, Caniggia I, Post M. Mechanical strain induces constitutive and regulated secretion of glycosaminoglycans and proteoglycans in fetal lung cells. J Cell Sci 1996; 109 (Pt 6): 1605-1613.

Poirier P, Lemieux I, Mauriege P, Dewailly E, Blanchet C, Bergeron J, et al. Impact of waist circumference on the relationship between blood pressure and insulin: the Quebec Health Survey. Hypertension 2005; 45: 363-367.

The Cardiac Society of Australia and New Zealand. Clinical exercise stress testing. Safety and performance guidelines. Med J Australia 1996; 164: 282-284.

Article accepted for publication but not yet published.

Up to the first 6 authors followed by et al., Title, Journal (abbreviation), Year of expected publication, (in press) at the end of the citation.

Janiszewski M, Lopes LR, Carmo AO, Pedro MA, Brandes RP, Santos CXC, et al. Regulation of NAD(P)H oxidase by associated protein disulfide isomerase in vascular smooth muscle cells. J Biol Chem 2005 (in press).

Article within a journal supplement

Up to the first 6 authors followed by et al., Title, Journal (abbreviation), Year, Volume, Suppl, Complete Pages.

Orengo CA, Bray JE, Hubbard T. Analysis and assessment of ab initio three-dimensional prediction, secondary structure, and contacts prediction. Proteins 1999; 43(Suppl 3):149-170.

Conference, Symposium Proceedings.

Cite papers only from published proceedings.

Hejzlar RM, Diogo PA. The use of water quality modelling for optimising operation of a drinking water reservoir. Proceedings of the International Conference Fluid Mechanics and Hydrology. 1999 Jun 23-26; Prague. Prague: Institute of Hydrodynamics AS CR; 1999. p 475-482.

Book chapter, or article within a book

Book, whole. Authors, Book title, Edition, City, Publisher, Year.

  • Norman IJ, Redfern SJ. Mental health care for elderly people. New York: Churchill Livingstone; 1996.

Book, chapter. Authors, Chapter Title, Editors, Book title, Edition, City, Publisher, Year, Pages of citation.

  • Kintzios SE. What do we know about cancer and its therapy? In: Kintzios SE, Barberaki MG (Editors), Plants that fight cancer. New York: CRC Press; 2004. p 1-14.
  • Scheuer PJ, Lefkowitch JH. Drugs and toxins. In: Scheuer PJ, Lefkowitch JH (Editors), Liver biopsy interpretation. 6th edn. London: WB Saunders; 2000. p 134-150.

Link / URL

They should be provided in full, including both the title of the site and the URL, in the following format: The Mouse Tumor Biology Database [http://tumor.informatics.jax.org/mtbwi/index.do]. If an author or group of authors can clearly be associated with a web link, such as for weblogs, then they should be included in the reference.

Link / URL with author(s)

Corpas M: The Crowdfunding Genome Project: a personal genomics community with open source values [http://blogs.biomedcentral.com/bmcblog/2012/07/16/the-crowdfunding-genome-project-a-personal-genomics-community-with-open-source-values/]

Dataset with persistent identifier

Zheng, L-Y; Guo, X-S; He, B; Sun, L-J; Peng, Y; Dong, S-S; Liu, T-F; Jiang, S; Ramachandran, S; Liu, C-M; Jing, H-C (2011): Genome data from sweet and grain sorghum (Sorghum bicolor). GigaScience. http://dx.doi.org/10.5524/100012.

Preparing illustrations and figures

Illustrations should be provided as separate files, not embedded in the text file. Each figure should include a single illustration and should fit on a single page in portrait format. If a figure consists of separate parts, it is important that a single composite illustration file be submitted which contains all parts of the figure. There is no charge for the use of color figures.

Formats

The following file formats can be accepted:

  • DOCX/DOC (single page only)
  • JPEG
  • BMP

Figure legends

The legends should be included in the main manuscript text file at the end of the document, rather than being a part of the figure file. For each figure, the following information should be provided: Figure number (in sequence, using Arabic numerals - i.e. Figure 1, 2, 3 etc); short title of figure (maximum 15 words); detailed legend, up to 30 words.

Please note that it is the responsibility of the author(s) to obtain permission from the copyright holder to reproduce figures or tables that have previously been published elsewhere.

Preparing tables

Each table should be numbered and cited in sequence using Arabic numerals (i.e. Table 1, 2, 3 etc.). Tables should also have a title (above the table) that summarizes the whole table; it should be no longer than 12 words. Detailed legends may then follow, but they should be concise. Tables should always be cited in text in consecutive numerical order.

Smaller tables considered to be integral to the manuscript can be pasted into the end of the document text file, in A4 portrait or landscape format. These will be typeset and displayed in the final published form of the article. Such tables should be formatted using the 'Table object' in a word processing program to ensure that columns of data are kept aligned when the file is sent electronically for review; this will not always be the case if columns are generated by simply using tabs to separate text. Columns and rows of data should be made visibly distinct by ensuring that the borders of each cell display as black lines. Commas should not be used to indicate numerical values. Color and shading may not be used; parts of the table can be highlighted using symbols or bold text, the meaning of which should be explained in a table legend. Tables should not be embedded as figures or spreadsheet files.

Larger datasets or tables too wide for a portrait page can be uploaded separately as additional files. Additional files will not be displayed in the final, laid-out PDF of the article, but a link will be provided to the files as supplied by the author.

Tabular data provided as additional files can be uploaded as an Excel spreadsheet (.xls ). As with all files, please use the standard file extensions.

Preparing additional files

Although Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal does not restrict the length and quantity of data included in an article, we encourage authors to provide datasets, tables, movies, or other information as additional files.

Please note: All Additional files will be published along with the article. Do not include files such as patient consent forms, certificates of language editing, or revised versions of the main manuscript document with tracked changes. Such files should be sent by email to editorial@mtprehabjournal.com, quoting the Manuscript ID number.

Results that would otherwise be indicated as "data not shown" can and should be included as additional files. Additional files should be in doc or docx format  and will be downloadable from the final published article as supplied by the author.

If additional material is provided, please list the following information in a separate section of the manuscript text:

  • File name (e.g. Additional file 1)
  • File format including the correct file extension for example .pdf, .xls, .txt, .pptx (including name and a URL of an appropriate viewer if format is unusual)
  • Title of data
  • Description of data

Additional files should be named "Additional file 1" and so on and should be referenced explicitly by file name within the body of the article, e.g. 'An additional movie file shows this in more detail [see Additional file 1]'.

Style and language

General

Currently, Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal accept manuscripts  written in Portuguese and in English. Spelling should be US English or British English, but not a mixture.  There is no explicit limit on the length of articles submitted, but authors are encouraged to be concise.

Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal will not edit submitted manuscripts for style or language; reviewers may advise rejection of a manuscript if it is compromised by grammatical errors. Authors are advised to write clearly and simply, and to have their article checked by colleagues before submission. In-house copyediting will be minimal. Non-native speakers of English may choose to make use of a copyediting service.

Language editing

For authors who wish to have the language in their manuscript edited by a native-English speaker with scientific expertise, Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal recommends Edanz, Editage, Enago or American Journal Experts. Use of an editing service is neither a requirement nor a guarantee of acceptance for publication. Please contact them directly to make arrangements for editing, and for pricing and payment details.

Typography

  • Please use double line spacing.
  • Type the text unjustified, without hyphenating words at line breaks.
  • Use hard returns only to end headings and paragraphs, not to rearrange lines.
  • Capitalize only the first word, and proper nouns, in the title.
  • All pages should be numbered.
  • Use the Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal reference format.
  • Please do not format the text in multiple columns.
  • Greek and other special characters may be included. If you are unable to reproduce a particular special character, please type out the name of the symbol in full.

Units

SI units should be used throughout (liter and molar are permitted, however).



XVII. Case reports

Criteria

Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal welcomes well-described reports of cases that include the following:

  • Unreported or unusual side effects or adverse interactions involving rehabilitation process.
  • Unexpected or unusual presentations of a disease.
  • New associations or variations in disease and/or in your management processes.
  • Presentations, diagnoses, management and/or rehabilitation of new and emerging diseases.
  • An unexpected association between diseases or symptoms.
  • An unexpected event in the course of observing or treating a patient.
  • Findings that shed new light on the possible pathogenesis of a disease or an adverse effect.

Case reports submitted to Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal should make a contribution to clinical knowledge and must have educational value or highlight the need for a change in clinical practice, diagnostic/prognostic and rehabilitation approaches.

Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal consider Case reports describing preventive or therapeutic interventions, as these generally require stronger evidence.

Case reports should include relevant positive and negative findings from history, examination and investigation, and can include clinical photographs, provided these are accompanied by written consent to publish from the patient(s) or their guardians. Case reports should include an up-to-date review of all previous cases in the field.

Authors are encouraged to describe how the Case report is rare or unusual as well as its educational and/or scientific merits in the covering letter that will accompany the submission of the manuscript.

Case report submissions will be assessed by the Editors and will be sent for peer review if considered appropriate for the journal.

Authors should seek written and signed consent to publish the information from the patients or their guardians prior to submission. The editorial office may request copies of the informed consent documentation upon submission of the manuscript.

Preparing main manuscript text

General guidelines of the journal's style and language are given below.

Manuscripts for Case reports submitted to Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal should be divided into the following sections (in this order):

Title and identification page

The page should:

  • Provide the title of the article. The title of the manuscript must not exceed 120 characters including space and must include as much information about the study as possible. Ideally, the terms used in the title should not appear in the list of keywords.
  • Running title. A short title of up to 45 characters to be used as a legend on the printed pages.
  • Authors. Full name in capital letters without title followed by a superscript number (exponent) identifying the institutional affiliation (department, institution, city, state, country and email adress). For more than one author, separate using commas. Please, indicate the corresponding author.
  • Corresponding author: name, full address, email, and telephone number of the corresponding author who is authorized to approve editorial revisions and provide additional information if needed.

Please note:

  • the title should include the study design: “a case control study”.
  • abbreviations within the title should be avoided

Abstract

The abstract must not exceed 350 words. Please do not use abbreviations or references in the abstract. The abstract should be structured into three sections: Background, an introduction about why this case is important and needs to be reported. Please include information on whether this is the first report of this kind in the literature; Case presentation, brief details of what the patient(s) presented with, including the patient's age, sex and ethnic background; Conclusion, a brief conclusion of what the reader should learn from the case report and what the clinical impact will be. Is it an original case report of interest to a particular clinical specialty of Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal or will it have a broader clinical impact across medicine? Please include information on how it will significantly advance our knowledge of a particular disease etiology or your management mechanism.

Keywords

Three to six keywords representing the main content of the article.

A list of key words or indexing terms (no more than 6) should be included. A capital letter should be used for the first letter of each key word, separated by a semicolon. The Journal recommends the use of medical subject headings of Index Medicus for key words to avoid the use of several synonyms as entry terms in the index for different papers on the same subject. Remember, key words are used by the SciELO Database (see http://www.scielo.br/bjmbr; articles search/subject) to index published articles.

Background

This should give an introduction to the Case reports from the standpoint of those without specialist knowledge in the area, clearly explaining the background of the topic. This section should include a short literature review, and should end with a very brief statement of what is being reported in the article.

Case presentation

This should present all details concerning the case, as well as a discussion with references to the literature. The case presentation should contain a description of the patient's relevant demographic information (without adding any details that could lead to the identification of the patient), any relevant clinical history of the patient, the patient's symptoms and signs, any tests that were carried out, and a description of any treatment or intervention. This section may be broken into subsections with appropriate subheadings.

Conclusions

This should state clearly the main conclusions of the Case reports and give a clear explanation of their importance and relevance.

Consent

This section should provide a statement to confirm that the patient has given their consent for the Case reports to be published. The editorial office may request copies of the informed consent documentation at any time. We recommend the following wording is used for the consent section: "Written informed consent was obtained from the patient for publication of this Case report and any accompanying images. A copy of the written consent is available for review by the Editor of this journal."

If the patient has died, then consent for publication must be sought from the next of kin of the patient. If the patient is a minor, or unable to provide consent, then consent must be sought from the parents or legal guardians of the patient. In these cases, the statement in the 'Consent' section of the manuscript should be amended accordingly.

Abbreviations

If abbreviations are used in the text they should be defined in the text at first use

Competing interests

A competing interest exists when your interpretation of data or presentation of information may be influenced by your personal or financial relationship with other people or organizations. Authors must disclose any financial competing interests; they should also reveal any non-financial competing interests that may cause them embarrassment were they to become public after the publication of the manuscript.

Authors are required to complete a declaration of competing interests. All competing interests that are declared will be listed at the end of published articles. Where an author gives no competing interests, the listing will read 'The author(s) declare that they have no competing interests'.

When completing your declaration, please consider the following questions:

Financial competing interests

  • In the past five years have you received reimbursements, fees, funding, or salary from an organization that may in any way gain or lose financially from the publication of this manuscript, either now or in the future? Is such an organization financing this manuscript (including the article-processing charge)? If so, please specify.
  • Do you hold any stocks or shares in an organization that may in any way gain or lose financially from the publication of this manuscript, either now or in the future? If so, please specify.
  • Do you hold or are you currently applying for any patents relating to the content of the manuscript? Have you received reimbursements, fees, funding, or salary from an organization that holds or has applied for patents relating to the content of the manuscript? If so, please specify.
  • Do you have any other financial competing interests? If so, please specify.

Non-financial competing interests

Are there any non-financial competing interests (political, personal, religious, ideological, academic, intellectual, commercial or any other) to declare in relation to this manuscript? If so, please specify.

If you are unsure as to whether you, or one your co-authors, has a competing interest please discuss it with the editorial office.

Authors' contributions

In order to give appropriate credit to each author of a paper, the individual contributions of authors to the manuscript should be specified in this section.

According to ICMJE guidelines, An 'author' is generally considered to be someone who has made substantive intellectual contributions to a published study. To qualify as an author one should 1) have made substantial contributions to conception and design, or acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data; 2) have been involved in drafting the manuscript or revising it critically for important intellectual content; 3) have given final approval of the version to be published; and 4) agree to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content. Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group, alone, does not justify authorship.

We suggest the following kind of format (please use initials to refer to each author's contribution): AB carried out the molecular genetic studies, participated in the sequence alignment and drafted the manuscript. JY carried out the immunoassays. MT participated in the sequence alignment. ES participated in the design of the study and performed the statistical analysis. FG conceived of the study, and participated in its design and coordination and helped to draft the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, writing assistance, or a department chair who provided only general support.

Authors' information

You may choose to use this section to include any relevant information about the author(s) that may aid the reader's interpretation of the article, and understand the standpoint of the author(s). This may include details about the authors' qualifications, current positions they hold at institutions or societies, or any other relevant background information. Please refer to authors using their initials. Note this section should not be used to describe any competing interests.

Acknowledgements

Please acknowledge anyone who contributed towards the article by making substantial contributions to conception, design, acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data, or who was involved in drafting the manuscript or revising it critically for important intellectual content, but who does not meet the criteria for authorship. Please also include the source(s) of funding for each author, and for the manuscript preparation. Authors must describe the role of the funding body, if any, in design, in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data; in the writing of the manuscript; and in the decision to submit the manuscript for publication. Please also acknowledge anyone who contributed materials essential for the study. If a language editor has made significant revision of the manuscript, we recommend that you acknowledge the editor by name, where possible.

The role of a scientific (medical) writer must be included in the acknowledgements section, including their source(s) of funding. We suggest wording such as 'We thank Jane Doe who provided medical writing services.

References

All references, including URLs, must be numbered consecutively, in square brackets, in the order in which they are cited in the text, followed by any in tables or legends. Each reference must have an individual reference number. Please avoid excessive referencing (between 10 to 20). If automatic numbering systems are used, the reference numbers must be finalized and the bibliography must be fully formatted before submission.

Only articles, datasets, clinical trial registration records that have been published or are in press, or are available through public e-print/preprint servers, may be cited; Journal abbreviations follow Index Medicus/MEDLINE. Citations in the reference list should include first six named authors, up to the  sixth name add 'et al.'. Any in press articles cited within the references and necessary for the reviewers' assessment of the manuscript should be made available if requested by the editorial staff.

Style files are available for use with popular bibliographic management software:

Examples of the Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal reference style are shown below. Please ensure that the reference style is followed precisely; if the references are not in the correct style they may have to be retyped and carefully proofread.

The journal follows the reference format of the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals, which can be found on the website of the National Library of Medicine. Use the Medline journal abbreviations and follow the reference style shown on the Website noted above, with several exceptions. See below for details. All web links and URLs, including links to the authors' own websites, should be given a reference number and included in the reference list rather than within the text of the manuscript.

The following information must be given in the list of references:

Standard article.

Up to the first 6 authors followed by et al., Title, Journal (abbreviation), Year, Volume, Complete Pages.

Xu J, Liu M, Liu J, Caniggia I, Post M. Mechanical strain induces constitutive and regulated secretion of glycosaminoglycans and proteoglycans in fetal lung cells. J Cell Sci 1996; 109 (Pt 6): 1605-1613.

Poirier P, Lemieux I, Mauriege P, Dewailly E, Blanchet C, Bergeron J, et al. Impact of waist circumference on the relationship between blood pressure and insulin: the Quebec Health Survey. Hypertension 2005; 45: 363-367.

The Cardiac Society of Australia and New Zealand. Clinical exercise stress testing. Safety and performance guidelines. Med J Australia 1996; 164: 282-284.

Article accepted for publication but not yet published.

Up to the first 6 authors followed by et al., Title, Journal (abbreviation), Year of expected publication, (in press) at the end of the citation.

Janiszewski M, Lopes LR, Carmo AO, Pedro MA, Brandes RP, Santos CXC, et al. Regulation of NAD(P)H oxidase by associated protein disulfide isomerase in vascular smooth muscle cells. J Biol Chem 2005 (in press).

Article within a journal supplement

Up to the first 6 authors followed by et al., Title, Journal (abbreviation), Year, Volume, Suppl, Complete Pages.

Orengo CA, Bray JE, Hubbard T. Analysis and assessment of ab initio three-dimensional prediction, secondary structure, and contacts prediction. Proteins 1999; 43(Suppl 3):149-170.

Conference, Symposium Proceedings.

Cite papers only from published proceedings.

Hejzlar RM, Diogo PA. The use of water quality modelling for optimising operation of a drinking water reservoir. Proceedings of the International Conference Fluid Mechanics and Hydrology. 1999 Jun 23-26; Prague. Prague: Institute of Hydrodynamics AS CR; 1999. p 475-482.

Book chapter, or article within a book

Book, whole. Authors, Book title, Edition, City, Publisher, Year.

  • Norman IJ, Redfern SJ. Mental health care for elderly people. New York: Churchill Livingstone; 1996.

Book, chapter. Authors, Chapter Title, Editors, Book title, Edition, City, Publisher, Year, Pages of citation.

  • Kintzios SE. What do we know about cancer and its therapy? In: Kintzios SE, Barberaki MG (Editors), Plants that fight cancer. New York: CRC Press; 2004. p 1-14.
  • Scheuer PJ, Lefkowitch JH. Drugs and toxins. In: Scheuer PJ, Lefkowitch JH (Editors), Liver biopsy interpretation. 6th edn. London: WB Saunders; 2000. p 134-150.

Link / URL

They should be provided in full, including both the title of the site and the URL, in the following format: The Mouse Tumor Biology Database [http://tumor.informatics.jax.org/mtbwi/index.do]. If an author or group of authors can clearly be associated with a web link, such as for weblogs, then they should be included in the reference.

Link / URL with author(s)

Corpas M: The Crowdfunding Genome Project: a personal genomics community with open source values [http://blogs.biomedcentral.com/bmcblog/2012/07/16/the-crowdfunding-genome-project-a-personal-genomics-community-with-open-source-values/]

Dataset with persistent identifier

Zheng, L-Y; Guo, X-S; He, B; Sun, L-J; Peng, Y; Dong, S-S; Liu, T-F; Jiang, S; Ramachandran, S; Liu, C-M; Jing, H-C (2011): Genome data from sweet and grain sorghum (Sorghum bicolor). GigaScience. http://dx.doi.org/10.5524/100012.

Preparing illustrations and figures

Illustrations should be provided as separate files, not embedded in the text file. Each figure should include a single illustration and should fit on a single page in portrait format. If a figure consists of separate parts, it is important that a single composite illustration file be submitted which contains all parts of the figure. There is no charge for the use of color figures.

Formats

The following file formats can be accepted:

  • DOCX/DOC (single page only)
  • JPEG
  • BMP

Figure legends

The legends should be included in the main manuscript text file at the end of the document, rather than being a part of the figure file. For each figure, the following information should be provided: Figure number (in sequence, using Arabic numerals - i.e. Figure 1, 2, 3 etc); short title of figure (maximum 15 words); detailed legend, up to 30 words.

Please note that it is the responsibility of the author(s) to obtain permission from the copyright holder to reproduce figures or tables that have previously been published elsewhere.

Preparing tables

Each table should be numbered and cited in sequence using Arabic numerals (i.e. Table 1, 2, 3 etc.). Tables should also have a title (above the table) that summarizes the whole table; it should be no longer than 12 words. Detailed legends may then follow, but they should be concise. Tables should always be cited in text in consecutive numerical order.

Smaller tables considered to be integral to the manuscript can be pasted into the end of the document text file, in A4 portrait or landscape format. These will be typeset and displayed in the final published form of the article. Such tables should be formatted using the 'Table object' in a word processing program to ensure that columns of data are kept aligned when the file is sent electronically for review; this will not always be the case if columns are generated by simply using tabs to separate text. Columns and rows of data should be made visibly distinct by ensuring that the borders of each cell display as black lines. Commas should not be used to indicate numerical values. Color and shading may not be used; parts of the table can be highlighted using symbols or bold text, the meaning of which should be explained in a table legend. Tables should not be embedded as figures or spreadsheet files.

Larger datasets or tables too wide for a portrait page can be uploaded separately as additional files. Additional files will not be displayed in the final, laid-out PDF of the article, but a link will be provided to the files as supplied by the author.

Tabular data provided as additional files can be uploaded as an Excel spreadsheet (.xls ). As with all files, please use the standard file extensions.

Preparing additional files

Although Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal does not restrict the length and quantity of data included in an article, we encourage authors to provide datasets, tables, movies, or other information as additional files.

Please note: All Additional files will be published along with the article. Do not include files such as patient consent forms, certificates of language editing, or revised versions of the main manuscript document with tracked changes. Such files should be sent by email to editorial@mtprehabjournal.com, quoting the Manuscript ID number.

Results that would otherwise be indicated as "data not shown" can and should be included as additional files. Additional files should be in doc or docx format, and will be downloadable from the final published article as supplied by the author.

If additional material is provided, please list the following information in a separate section of the manuscript text:

  • File name (e.g. Additional file 1)
  • File format including the correct file extension for example .pdf, .xls, .txt, .pptx (including name and a URL of an appropriate viewer if format is unusual)
  • Title of data
  • Description of data

Additional files should be named "Additional file 1" and so on and should be referenced explicitly by file name within the body of the article, e.g. 'An additional movie file shows this in more detail [see Additional file 1]'.

Style and language

General

Currently, Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal accept manuscripts  written in Portuguese and in English. Spelling should be US English or British English, but not a mixture.  There is no explicit limit on the length of articles submitted, but authors are encouraged to be concise.

Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal will not edit submitted manuscripts for style or language; reviewers may advise rejection of a manuscript if it is compromised by grammatical errors. Authors are advised to write clearly and simply, and to have their article checked by colleagues before submission. In-house copyediting will be minimal. Non-native speakers of English may choose to make use of a copyediting service.

Language editing

For authors who wish to have the language in their manuscript edited by a native-English speaker with scientific expertise, Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal recommends Edanz, Editage, Enago or American Journal Experts. Use of an editing service is neither a requirement nor a guarantee of acceptance for publication. Please contact them directly to make arrangements for editing, and for pricing and payment details.

Typography

  • Please use double line spacing.
  • Type the text unjustified, without hyphenating words at line breaks.
  • Use hard returns only to end headings and paragraphs, not to rearrange lines.
  • Capitalize only the first word, and proper nouns, in the title.
  • All pages should be numbered.
  • Use the Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal reference format.
  • Please do not format the text in multiple columns.
  • Greek and other special characters may be included. If you are unable to reproduce a particular special character, please type out the name of the symbol in full.

Units

SI units should be used throughout (liter and molar are permitted, however).



XVIII. Technical Note

Criteria

Technical Note should present a new experimental or computational method, test or procedure. The method described may either be completely new, or may offer a better version of an existing method. The article must describe a demonstrable advance on what is currently available. The method needs to have been well tested and ideally, but not necessarily, used in a way that proves its value.

Preparing main manuscript text

General guidelines of the journal's style and language are given below.

Overview of manuscript sections for Technical Note

Manuscripts for Technical Note submitted to Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal should be divided into the following sections (in this order):

Title and identification page

The page should:

  • Provide the title of the article. The title of the manuscript must not exceed 120 characters including space and must include as much information about the study as possible. Ideally, the terms used in the title should not appear in the list of keywords.
  • Running title. A short title of up to 45 characters to be used as a legend on the printed pages.
  • Authors. Full name in capital letters without title followed by a superscript number (exponent) identifying the institutional affiliation (department, institution, city, state, country and email adress). For more than one author, separate using commas. Please, indicate the corresponding author.
  • Corresponding author: name, full address, email, and telephone number of the corresponding author who is authorized to approve editorial revisions and provide additional information if needed.

Please note:

  • the title should include the study design. Abbreviations within the title should be avoided

Abstract

The Abstract of the manuscript should not exceed 350 words and must be structured into separate sections: Background, the context and purpose of the study; Methods, how the study was performed and statistical tests used; Results, the main findings; Conclusions, brief summary and potential implications. Please minimize the use of abbreviations and do not cite references in the abstract.

Keywords

Three to six keywords representing the main content of the article.

A list of key words or indexing terms (no more than 6) should be included. A capital letter should be used for the first letter of each key word, separated by a semicolon. The Journal recommends the use of medical subject headings of Index Medicus for key words to avoid the use of several synonyms as entry terms in the index for different papers on the same subject. Remember, key words are used by the SciELO Database (see http://www.scielo.br/bjmbr; articles search/subject) to index published articles.

Background

The Background section should be written in a way that is accessible to researchers without specialist knowledge in that area and must clearly state - and, if helpful, illustrate - the background to the research and its aims. Reports of clinical research should, where appropriate, include a summary of a search of the literature to indicate why this study was necessary and what it aimed to contribute to the field. The section should end with a brief statement of what is being reported in the article.

Methods

The methods section should include the design of the study, the setting, the type of participants or materials involved, a clear description of all interventions and comparisons, and the type of analysis used, including a power calculation if appropriate. Generic drug names should generally be used. When proprietary brands are used in research, include the brand names in parentheses in the Methods section.

For studies involving human participants a statement detailing ethical approval and consent should be included in the methods section. For further details of the journal's editorial rules.

Results.

The results should be presented clearly and concisely. Tables and figures should be used only when necessary for effective comprehension of the data. A total of five (5) combined tables and figures is allowed. Results of statistical analysis should include, where appropriate, relative and absolute risks or risk reductions, and confidence intervals. Appendices must be included in the number of words allowed in the manuscript. In the case of previously published tables, figures, and appendices, the authors must provide a signed permission from the author or editor at the time of submission.

Discussion

The purpose of the discussion is to interpret the results and to relate them to existing and available knowledge, especially the knowledge already presented in the Introduction. Be cautious when emphasizing recent findings. The data presented in the Methods and/or in the Results sections should not be repeated. Study limitations, implications, and clinical application to the areas of Manual therapy, Posturology and or rehabilitation sciences must be described.

Conclusions

This should state clearly the main conclusions of the research and give a clear explanation of their importance and relevance.

Abbreviations

If abbreviations are used in the text they should be defined in the text at first use.

Competing interests

A competing interest exists when your interpretation of data or presentation of information may be influenced by your personal or financial relationship with other people or organizations. Authors must disclose any financial competing interests; they should also reveal any non-financial competing interests that may cause them embarrassment were they to become public after the publication of the manuscript.

Authors are required to complete a declaration of competing interests. All competing interests that are declared will be listed at the end of published articles. Where an author gives no competing interests, the listing will read 'The author(s) declare that they have no competing interests'.

When completing your declaration, please consider the following questions:

Financial competing interests

  • In the past five years have you received reimbursements, fees, funding, or salary from an organization that may in any way gain or lose financially from the publication of this manuscript, either now or in the future? Is such an organization financing this manuscript (including the article-processing charge)? If so, please specify.
  • Do you hold any stocks or shares in an organization that may in any way gain or lose financially from the publication of this manuscript, either now or in the future? If so, please specify.
  • Do you hold or are you currently applying for any patents relating to the content of the manuscript? Have you received reimbursements, fees, funding, or salary from an organization that holds or has applied for patents relating to the content of the manuscript? If so, please specify.
  • Do you have any other financial competing interests? If so, please specify.

Non-financial competing interests

Are there any non-financial competing interests (political, personal, religious, ideological, academic, intellectual, commercial or any other) to declare in relation to this manuscript? If so, please specify.

If you are unsure as to whether you, or one your co-authors, has a competing interest please discuss it with the editorial office.

Authors' contributions

In order to give appropriate credit to each author of a paper, the individual contributions of authors to the manuscript should be specified in this section.

According to ICMJE guidelines, an 'author' is generally considered to be someone who has made substantive intellectual contributions to a published study. To qualify as an author one should 1) have made substantial contributions to conception and design, or acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data; 2) have been involved in drafting the manuscript or revising it critically for important intellectual content; 3) have given final approval of the version to be published; and 4) agree to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content. Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group, alone, does not justify authorship.

We suggest the following kind of format (please use initials to refer to each author's contribution): AB carried out the molecular genetic studies, participated in the sequence alignment and drafted the manuscript. JY carried out the immunoassays. MT participated in the sequence alignment. ES participated in the design of the study and performed the statistical analysis. FG conceived of the study, and participated in its design and coordination and helped to draft the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, writing assistance, or a department chair who provided only general support.

Authors' information

You may choose to use this section to include any relevant information about the author(s) that may aid the reader's interpretation of the article, and understand the standpoint of the author(s). This may include details about the authors' qualifications, current positions they hold at institutions or societies, or any other relevant background information. Please refer to authors using their initials. Note this section should not be used to describe any competing interests.

Acknowledgements

Please acknowledge anyone who contributed towards the article by making substantial contributions to conception, design, acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data, or who was involved in drafting the manuscript or revising it critically for important intellectual content, but who does not meet the criteria for authorship. Please also include the source(s) of funding for each author, and for the manuscript preparation. Authors must describe the role of the funding body, if any, in design, in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data; in the writing of the manuscript; and in the decision to submit the manuscript for publication. Please also acknowledge anyone who contributed materials essential for the study. If a language editor has made significant revision of the manuscript, we recommend that you acknowledge the editor by name, where possible.

The role of a scientific (medical) writer must be included in the acknowledgements section, including their source(s) of funding. We suggest wording such as 'We thank Jane Doe who provided medical writing services.

References

All references, including URLs, must be numbered consecutively, in square brackets, in the order in which they are cited in the text, followed by any in tables or legends. Each reference must have an individual reference number. Please avoid excessive referencing (between 20 to 30). If automatic numbering systems are used, the reference numbers must be finalized and the bibliography must be fully formatted before submission.

Only articles, datasets, clinical trial registration records that have been published or are in press, or are available through public e-print/preprint servers, may be cited; Journal abbreviations follow Index Medicus/MEDLINE. Citations in the reference list should include first six named authors, up to the  sixth name add 'et al.'. Any in press articles cited within the references and necessary for the reviewers' assessment of the manuscript should be made available if requested by the editorial staff.

Style files are available for use with popular bibliographic management software:

Examples of the Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal reference style are shown below. Please ensure that the reference style is followed precisely; if the references are not in the correct style they may have to be retyped and carefully proofread.

The journal follows the reference format of the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals, which can be found on the website of the National Library of Medicine (http://www.nlm.nih.gov/bsd/uniform_requirements.html). Use the Medline journal abbreviations and follow the reference style shown on the Website noted above, with several exceptions. See below for details. All web links and URLs, including links to the authors' own websites, should be given a reference number and included in the reference list rather than within the text of the manuscript.

The following information must be given in the list of references:

Standard article.

Up to the first 6 authors followed by et al., Title, Journal (abbreviation), Year, Volume, Complete Pages.

Xu J, Liu M, Liu J, Caniggia I, Post M. Mechanical strain induces constitutive and regulated secretion of glycosaminoglycans and proteoglycans in fetal lung cells. J Cell Sci 1996; 109 (Pt 6): 1605-1613.

Poirier P, Lemieux I, Mauriege P, Dewailly E, Blanchet C, Bergeron J, et al. Impact of waist circumference on the relationship between blood pressure and insulin: the Quebec Health Survey. Hypertension 2005; 45: 363-367.

The Cardiac Society of Australia and New Zealand. Clinical exercise stress testing. Safety and performance guidelines. Med J Australia 1996; 164: 282-284.

Article accepted for publication but not yet published.

Up to the first 6 authors followed by et al., Title, Journal (abbreviation), Year of expected publication, (in press) at the end of the citation.

Janiszewski M, Lopes LR, Carmo AO, Pedro MA, Brandes RP, Santos CXC, et al. Regulation of NAD(P)H oxidase by associated protein disulfide isomerase in vascular smooth muscle cells. J Biol Chem 2005 (in press).

Article within a journal supplement

Up to the first 6 authors followed by et al., Title, Journal (abbreviation), Year, Volume, Suppl, Complete Pages.

Orengo CA, Bray JE, Hubbard T. Analysis and assessment of ab initio three-dimensional prediction, secondary structure, and contacts prediction. Proteins 1999; 43(Suppl 3):149-170.

Conference, Symposium Proceedings.

Cite papers only from published proceedings.

Hejzlar RM, Diogo PA. The use of water quality modelling for optimising operation of a drinking water reservoir. Proceedings of the International Conference Fluid Mechanics and Hydrology. 1999 Jun 23-26; Prague. Prague: Institute of Hydrodynamics AS CR; 1999. p 475-482.

Book chapter, or article within a book

Book, whole. Authors, Book title, Edition, City, Publisher, Year.

  • Norman IJ, Redfern SJ. Mental health care for elderly people. New York: Churchill Livingstone; 1996.

Book, chapter. Authors, Chapter Title, Editors, Book title, Edition, City, Publisher, Year, Pages of citation.

  • Kintzios SE. What do we know about cancer and its therapy? In: Kintzios SE, Barberaki MG (Editors), Plants that fight cancer. New York: CRC Press; 2004. p 1-14.
  • Scheuer PJ, Lefkowitch JH. Drugs and toxins. In: Scheuer PJ, Lefkowitch JH (Editors), Liver biopsy interpretation. 6th edn. London: WB Saunders; 2000. p 134-150.

Link / URL

They should be provided in full, including both the title of the site and the URL, in the following format: The Mouse Tumor Biology Database [http://tumor.informatics.jax.org/mtbwi/index.do]. If an author or group of authors can clearly be associated with a web link, such as for weblogs, then they should be included in the reference.

Link / URL with author(s)

Corpas M: The Crowdfunding Genome Project: a personal genomics community with open source values [http://blogs.biomedcentral.com/bmcblog/2012/07/16/the-crowdfunding-genome-project-a-personal-genomics-community-with-open-source-values/]

Dataset with persistent identifier

Zheng, L-Y; Guo, X-S; He, B; Sun, L-J; Peng, Y; Dong, S-S; Liu, T-F; Jiang, S; Ramachandran, S; Liu, C-M; Jing, H-C (2011): Genome data from sweet and grain sorghum (Sorghum bicolor). GigaScience. http://dx.doi.org/10.5524/100012.

Preparing illustrations and figures

Illustrations should be provided as separate files, not embedded in the text file. Each figure should include a single illustration and should fit on a single page in portrait format. If a figure consists of separate parts, it is important that a single composite illustration file be submitted which contains all parts of the figure. There is no charge for the use of color figures.

Formats

The following file formats can be accepted:

  • DOCX/DOC (single page only)
  • JPEG
  • BMP

Figure legends

The legends should be included in the main manuscript text file at the end of the document, rather than being a part of the figure file. For each figure, the following information should be provided: Figure number (in sequence, using Arabic numerals - i.e. Figure 1, 2, 3 etc); short title of figure (maximum 15 words); detailed legend, up to 30 words.

Please note that it is the responsibility of the author(s) to obtain permission from the copyright holder to reproduce figures or tables that have previously been published elsewhere.

Preparing tables

Each table should be numbered and cited in sequence using Arabic numerals (i.e. Table 1, 2, 3 etc.). Tables should also have a title (above the table) that summarizes the whole table; it should be no longer than 12 words. Detailed legends may then follow, but they should be concise. Tables should always be cited in text in consecutive numerical order.

Smaller tables considered to be integral to the manuscript can be pasted into the end of the document text file, in A4 portrait or landscape format. These will be typeset and displayed in the final published form of the article. Such tables should be formatted using the 'Table object' in a word processing program to ensure that columns of data are kept aligned when the file is sent electronically for review; this will not always be the case if columns are generated by simply using tabs to separate text. Columns and rows of data should be made visibly distinct by ensuring that the borders of each cell display as black lines. Commas should not be used to indicate numerical values. Color and shading may not be used; parts of the table can be highlighted using symbols or bold text, the meaning of which should be explained in a table legend. Tables should not be embedded as figures or spreadsheet files.

Larger datasets or tables too wide for a portrait page can be uploaded separately as additional files. Additional files will not be displayed in the final, laid-out PDF of the article, but a link will be provided to the files as supplied by the author.

Tabular data provided as additional files can be uploaded as an Excel spreadsheet (.xls ). As with all files, please use the standard file extensions.

Preparing additional files

Although Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal does not restrict the length and quantity of data included in an article, we encourage authors to provide datasets, tables, movies, or other information as additional files.

Please note: All Additional files will be published along with the article. Do not include files such as patient consent forms, certificates of language editing, or revised versions of the main manuscript document with tracked changes. Such files should be sent by email to editorial@mtprehabjournal.com, quoting the Manuscript ID number.

Results that would otherwise be indicated as "data not shown" can and should be included as additional files. Additional files should be in doc or docx format, and will be downloadable from the final published article as supplied by the author.

If additional material is provided, please list the following information in a separate section of the manuscript text:

  • File name (e.g. Additional file 1)
  • File format including the correct file extension for example .pdf, .xls, .txt, .pptx (including name and a URL of an appropriate viewer if format is unusual)
  • Title of data
  • Description of data

Additional files should be named "Additional file 1" and so on and should be referenced explicitly by file name within the body of the article, e.g. 'An additional movie file shows this in more detail [see Additional file 1]'.

Style and language

General

Currently, Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal accept manuscripts  written in Portuguese and in English. Spelling should be US English or British English, but not a mixture.  There is no explicit limit on the length of articles submitted, but authors are encouraged to be concise.

Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal will not edit submitted manuscripts for style or language; reviewers may advise rejection of a manuscript if it is compromised by grammatical errors. Authors are advised to write clearly and simply, and to have their article checked by colleagues before submission. In-house copyediting will be minimal. Non-native speakers of English may choose to make use of a copyediting service.

Language editing

For authors who wish to have the language in their manuscript edited by a native-English speaker with scientific expertise, Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal recommends Edanz, Editage, Enago or American Journal Experts. Use of an editing service is neither a requirement nor a guarantee of acceptance for publication. Please contact them directly to make arrangements for editing, and for pricing and payment details.

Typography

  • Please use double line spacing.
  • Type the text unjustified, without hyphenating words at line breaks.
  • Use hard returns only to end headings and paragraphs, not to rearrange lines.
  • Capitalize only the first word, and proper nouns, in the title.
  • All pages should be numbered.
  • Use the Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal reference format.
  • Please do not format the text in multiple columns.
  • Greek and other special characters may be included. If you are unable to reproduce a particular special character, please type out the name of the symbol in full.

Units

SI units should be used throughout (liter and molar are permitted, however).



XIX. Study protocols

Criteria

Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal believes that publishing Study protocols will help to improve the standard of medical research. Study protocol articles can be for proposed or ongoing prospective clinical research, and should provide a detailed account of the hypothesis, rationale and methodology of the study. By publishing your protocol in our journal, it becomes a fully citable open-access article - freely and universally accessible online, permanently archived, with copyright resting with the authors. Publication of Study protocols can reduce publication bias and improve reproducibility.

Submissions of Study protocols will be treated on a case by case basis and preference will be given to submissions describing long term studies and those likely to generate a considerable amount of outcome data. Advice may be sought from the journal's Editorial Board on the suitability for publication or peer review. The final decision on whether to consider a Study protocol for publication will rest with the Editor-in-Chief. Authors are encouraged to submit the results of the pilot as a research article and the study protocol for the definitive study. Study protocols are generally not considered if the authors have other articles relating to the protocol published or under consideration.

Articles concerning proposed research will usually be considered for publication without peer review if the study has received ethics approval and a grant from a major funding body. Proof of both ethics and funding will be required and we recommend that authors provide the relevant documentation on submission. If considered, Study protocols without major external funding will be peer reviewed. Study protocols without ethics approval will generally not be considered.

Preparing main manuscript text

General guidelines of the journal's style and language are given below.

Overview of manuscript sections for Study protocols

Manuscripts for Study protocols submitted to should be divided into the following sections (in this order):

Title and identification page

The page should:

  • Provide the title of the article. The title of the manuscript must not exceed 120 characters including space and must include as much information about the study as possible. Ideally, the terms used in the title should not appear in the list of keywords.
  • Running title. A short title of up to 45 characters to be used as a legend on the printed pages.
  • Authors. Full name in capital letters without title followed by a superscript number (exponent) identifying the institutional affiliation (department, institution, city, state, country and email adress). For more than one author, separate using commas. Please, indicate the corresponding author.
  • Corresponding author: name, full address, email, and telephone number of the corresponding author who is authorized to approve editorial revisions and provide additional information if needed.

Abstract

This should not exceed 350 words and should be structured into separate sections headed Background, Methods/Design, Discussion (if appropriate). Please do not use abbreviations or references in the abstract. Trial Registration, if your singular is a protocol of a controlled health care intervention, please list the trial registry, along with the unique identifying number, e.g. Trial registration: Current Controlled Trials ISRCTN73824458. Please note that there should be no space between the letters and numbers of your trial registration number. We recommend manuscripts that report randomized controlled trials follow the CONSORT Statement.

Keywords

Three to six keywords representing the main content of the article.

A list of key words or indexing terms (no more than 6) should be included. A capital letter should be used for the first letter of each key word, separated by a semicolon. The Journal recommends the use of medical subject headings of Index Medicus for key words to avoid the use of several synonyms as entry terms in the index for different papers on the same subject. Remember, key words are used by the SciELO Database (see http://www.scielo.br/bjmbr; articles search/subject) to index published articles.

Background

The background section should be written from the standpoint of researchers without specialist knowledge in that area and must clearly state - and, if helpful, illustrate - the background to the research and its aims.

Methods/Design

This should include the design of the study, the setting, the type of participants or materials involved, a clear description of all interventions and comparisons, and the type of analysis used, including a power calculation if appropriate.

Discussion

This can include discussion of any practical or operational issues involved in performing the study, and any other issues linked to the study that do not fall within the previous two headings.

Abbreviations

If abbreviations are used in the text they should be defined in the text at first use.

Competing interests

A competing interest exists when your interpretation of data or presentation of information may be influenced by your personal or financial relationship with other people or organizations. Authors must disclose any financial competing interests; they should also reveal any non-financial competing interests that may cause them embarrassment were they to become public after the publication of the manuscript.

Authors are required to complete a declaration of competing interests. All competing interests that are declared will be listed at the end of published articles. Where an author gives no competing interests, the listing will read 'The author(s) declare that they have no competing interests'.

When completing your declaration, please consider the following questions:

Financial competing interests

  • In the past five years have you received reimbursements, fees, funding, or salary from an organization that may in any way gain or lose financially from the publication of this manuscript, either now or in the future? Is such an organization financing this manuscript (including the article-processing charge)? If so, please specify.
  • Do you hold any stocks or shares in an organization that may in any way gain or lose financially from the publication of this manuscript, either now or in the future? If so, please specify.
  • Do you hold or are you currently applying for any patents relating to the content of the manuscript? Have you received reimbursements, fees, funding, or salary from an organization that holds or has applied for patents relating to the content of the manuscript? If so, please specify.
  • Do you have any other financial competing interests? If so, please specify.

Non-financial competing interests

Are there any non-financial competing interests (political, personal, religious, ideological, academic, intellectual, commercial or any other) to declare in relation to this manuscript? If so, please specify.

If you are unsure as to whether you, or one your co-authors, has a competing interest please discuss it with the editorial office.

Authors' contributions

In order to give appropriate credit to each author of a paper, the individual contributions of authors to the manuscript should be specified in this section.

According to ICMJE guidelines, an 'author' is generally considered to be someone who has made substantive intellectual contributions to a published study. To qualify as an author one should 1) have made substantial contributions to conception and design, or acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data; 2) have been involved in drafting the manuscript or revising it critically for important intellectual content; 3) have given final approval of the version to be published; and 4) agree to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content. Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group, alone, does not justify authorship.

We suggest the following kind of format (please use initials to refer to each author's contribution): AB carried out the molecular genetic studies, participated in the sequence alignment and drafted the manuscript. JY carried out the immunoassays. MT participated in the sequence alignment. ES participated in the design of the study and performed the statistical analysis. FG conceived of the study, and participated in its design and coordination and helped to draft the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, writing assistance, or a department chair who provided only general support.

Authors' information

You may choose to use this section to include any relevant information about the author(s) that may aid the reader's interpretation of the article, and understand the standpoint of the author(s). This may include details about the authors' qualifications, current positions they hold at institutions or societies, or any other relevant background information. Please refer to authors using their initials. Note this section should not be used to describe any competing interests.

Acknowledgements

Please acknowledge anyone who contributed towards the article by making substantial contributions to conception, design, acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data, or who was involved in drafting the manuscript or revising it critically for important intellectual content, but who does not meet the criteria for authorship. Please also include the source(s) of funding for each author, and for the manuscript preparation. Authors must describe the role of the funding body, if any, in design, in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data; in the writing of the manuscript; and in the decision to submit the manuscript for publication. Please also acknowledge anyone who contributed materials essential for the study. If a language editor has made significant revision of the manuscript, we recommend that you acknowledge the editor by name, where possible.

The role of a scientific (medical) writer must be included in the acknowledgements section, including their source(s) of funding. We suggest wording such as 'We thank Jane Doe who provided medical writing services.

References

All references, including URLs, must be numbered consecutively, in square brackets, in the order in which they are cited in the text, followed by any in tables or legends. Each reference must have an individual reference number. Please avoid excessive referencing (between 30 to 50). If automatic numbering systems are used, the reference numbers must be finalized and the bibliography must be fully formatted before submission.

Only articles, datasets, clinical trial registration records that have been published or are in press, or are available through public e-print/preprint servers, may be cited; Journal abbreviations follow Index Medicus/MEDLINE. Citations in the reference list should include first six named authors, up to the  sixth name add 'et al.'. Any in press articles cited within the references and necessary for the reviewers' assessment of the manuscript should be made available if requested by the editorial staff.

Style files are available for use with popular bibliographic management software:

Examples of the Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal reference style are shown below. Please ensure that the reference style is followed precisely; if the references are not in the correct style they may have to be retyped and carefully proofread.

The journal follows the reference format of the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals, which can be found on the website of the National Library of Medicine. Use the Medline journal abbreviations and follow the reference style shown on the Website noted above, with several exceptions. See below for details. All web links and URLs, including links to the authors' own websites, should be given a reference number and included in the reference list rather than within the text of the manuscript.

The following information must be given in the list of references:

Standard article.

Up to the first 6 authors followed by et al., Title, Journal (abbreviation), Year, Volume, Complete Pages.

Xu J, Liu M, Liu J, Caniggia I, Post M. Mechanical strain induces constitutive and regulated secretion of glycosaminoglycans and proteoglycans in fetal lung cells. J Cell Sci 1996; 109 (Pt 6): 1605-1613.

Poirier P, Lemieux I, Mauriege P, Dewailly E, Blanchet C, Bergeron J, et al. Impact of waist circumference on the relationship between blood pressure and insulin: the Quebec Health Survey. Hypertension 2005; 45: 363-367.

The Cardiac Society of Australia and New Zealand. Clinical exercise stress testing. Safety and performance guidelines. Med J Australia 1996; 164: 282-284.

Article accepted for publication but not yet published.

Up to the first 6 authors followed by et al., Title, Journal (abbreviation), Year of expected publication, (in press) at the end of the citation.

Janiszewski M, Lopes LR, Carmo AO, Pedro MA, Brandes RP, Santos CXC, et al. Regulation of NAD(P)H oxidase by associated protein disulfide isomerase in vascular smooth muscle cells. J Biol Chem 2005 (in press).

Article within a journal supplement

Up to the first 6 authors followed by et al., Title, Journal (abbreviation), Year, Volume, Suppl, Complete Pages.

Orengo CA, Bray JE, Hubbard T. Analysis and assessment of ab initio three-dimensional prediction, secondary structure, and contacts prediction. Proteins 1999; 43(Suppl 3):149-170.

Conference, Symposium Proceedings.

Cite papers only from published proceedings.

Hejzlar RM, Diogo PA. The use of water quality modelling for optimising operation of a drinking water reservoir. Proceedings of the International Conference Fluid Mechanics and Hydrology. 1999 Jun 23-26; Prague. Prague: Institute of Hydrodynamics AS CR; 1999. p 475-482.

Book chapter, or article within a book

Book, whole. Authors, Book title, Edition, City, Publisher, Year.

  • Norman IJ, Redfern SJ. Mental health care for elderly people. New York: Churchill Livingstone; 1996.

Book, chapter. Authors, Chapter Title, Editors, Book title, Edition, City, Publisher, Year, Pages of citation.

  • Kintzios SE. What do we know about cancer and its therapy? In: Kintzios SE, Barberaki MG (Editors), Plants that fight cancer. New York: CRC Press; 2004. p 1-14.
  • Scheuer PJ, Lefkowitch JH. Drugs and toxins. In: Scheuer PJ, Lefkowitch JH (Editors), Liver biopsy interpretation. 6th edn. London: WB Saunders; 2000. p 134-150.

Link / URL

They should be provided in full, including both the title of the site and the URL, in the following format: The Mouse Tumor Biology Database [http://tumor.informatics.jax.org/mtbwi/index.do]. If an author or group of authors can clearly be associated with a web link, such as for weblogs, then they should be included in the reference.

Link / URL with author(s)

Corpas M: The Crowdfunding Genome Project: a personal genomics community with open source values [http://blogs.biomedcentral.com/bmcblog/2012/07/16/the-crowdfunding-genome-project-a-personal-genomics-community-with-open-source-values/]

Dataset with persistent identifier

Zheng, L-Y; Guo, X-S; He, B; Sun, L-J; Peng, Y; Dong, S-S; Liu, T-F; Jiang, S; Ramachandran, S; Liu, C-M; Jing, H-C (2011): Genome data from sweet and grain sorghum (Sorghum bicolor). GigaScience. http://dx.doi.org/10.5524/100012.

Preparing illustrations and figures

Illustrations should be provided as separate files, not embedded in the text file. Each figure should include a single illustration and should fit on a single page in portrait format. If a figure consists of separate parts, it is important that a single composite illustration file be submitted which contains all parts of the figure. There is no charge for the use of color figures.

Formats

The following file formats can be accepted:

  • DOCX/DOC (single page only)
  • JPEG
  • BMP

Figure legends

The legends should be included in the main manuscript text file at the end of the document, rather than being a part of the figure file. For each figure, the following information should be provided: Figure number (in sequence, using Arabic numerals - i.e. Figure 1, 2, 3 etc); short title of figure (maximum 15 words); detailed legend, up to 30 words.

Please note that it is the responsibility of the author(s) to obtain permission from the copyright holder to reproduce figures or tables that have previously been published elsewhere.

Preparing tables

Each table should be numbered and cited in sequence using Arabic numerals (i.e. Table 1, 2, 3 etc.). Tables should also have a title (above the table) that summarizes the whole table; it should be no longer than 12 words. Detailed legends may then follow, but they should be concise. Tables should always be cited in text in consecutive numerical order.

Smaller tables considered to be integral to the manuscript can be pasted into the end of the document text file, in A4 portrait or landscape format. These will be typeset and displayed in the final published form of the article. Such tables should be formatted using the 'Table object' in a word processing program to ensure that columns of data are kept aligned when the file is sent electronically for review; this will not always be the case if columns are generated by simply using tabs to separate text. Columns and rows of data should be made visibly distinct by ensuring that the borders of each cell display as black lines. Commas should not be used to indicate numerical values. Color and shading may not be used; parts of the table can be highlighted using symbols or bold text, the meaning of which should be explained in a table legend. Tables should not be embedded as figures or spreadsheet files.

Larger datasets or tables too wide for a portrait page can be uploaded separately as additional files. Additional files will not be displayed in the final, laid-out PDF of the article, but a link will be provided to the files as supplied by the author.

Tabular data provided as additional files can be uploaded as an Excel spreadsheet (.xls ). As with all files, please use the standard file extensions.

Preparing additional files

Although Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal does not restrict the length and quantity of data included in an article, we encourage authors to provide datasets, tables, movies, or other information as additional files.

Please note: All Additional files will be published along with the article. Do not include files such as patient consent forms, certificates of language editing, or revised versions of the main manuscript document with tracked changes. Such files should be sent by email to editorial@mtprehabjournal.com, quoting the Manuscript ID number.

Results that would otherwise be indicated as "data not shown" can and should be included as additional files. Additional files should be in doc or docx format, and will be downloadable from the final published article as supplied by the author.

If additional material is provided, please list the following information in a separate section of the manuscript text:

  • File name (e.g. Additional file 1)
  • File format including the correct file extension for example .pdf, .xls, .txt, .pptx (including name and a URL of an appropriate viewer if format is unusual)
  • Title of data
  • Description of data

Additional files should be named "Additional file 1" and so on and should be referenced explicitly by file name within the body of the article, e.g. 'An additional movie file shows this in more detail [see Additional file 1]'.

Style and language

General

Currently, Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal accept manuscripts  written in Portuguese and in English. Spelling should be US English or British English, but not a mixture.  There is no explicit limit on the length of articles submitted, but authors are encouraged to be concise.

Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal will not edit submitted manuscripts for style or language; reviewers may advise rejection of a manuscript if it is compromised by grammatical errors. Authors are advised to write clearly and simply, and to have their article checked by colleagues before submission. In-house copyediting will be minimal. Non-native speakers of English may choose to make use of a copyediting service.

Language editing

For authors who wish to have the language in their manuscript edited by a native-English speaker with scientific expertise, Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal recommends Edanz, Editage, Enago or American Journal Experts. Use of an editing service is neither a requirement nor a guarantee of acceptance for publication. Please contact them directly to make arrangements for editing, and for pricing and payment details.

Typography

  • Please use double line spacing.
  • Type the text unjustified, without hyphenating words at line breaks.
  • Use hard returns only to end headings and paragraphs, not to rearrange lines.
  • Capitalize only the first word, and proper nouns, in the title.
  • All pages should be numbered.
  • Use the Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal reference format.
  • Please do not format the text in multiple columns.
  • Greek and other special characters may be included. If you are unable to reproduce a particular special character, please type out the name of the symbol in full.

Units

SI units should be used throughout (liter and molar are permitted, however).



XX. Reviews

Criteria

Reviews are summaries of recent insights in specific research areas within the scope of Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal.

Preparing main manuscript text

General guidelines of the journal's style and language are given below.

Length of article

Reviews should be approximately 4000 words with 50 references.

Overview of manuscript sections for Reviews

Manuscripts for Reviews submitted to Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal should be divided into the following sections (in this order):

Title and identification page

The page should:

  • Provide the title of the article. The title of the manuscript must not exceed 120 characters including space and must include as much information about the study as possible. Ideally, the terms used in the title should not appear in the list of keywords.
  • Running title. A short title of up to 45 characters to be used as a legend on the printed pages.
  • Authors. Full name in capital letters without title followed by a superscript number (exponent) identifying the institutional affiliation (department, institution, city, state, country and email adress). For more than one author, separate using commas. Please, indicate the corresponding author.
  • Corresponding author: name, full address, email, and telephone number of the corresponding author who is authorized to approve editorial revisions and provide additional information if needed.

Please note:

  • abbreviations within the title should be avoided

Abstract

This should not exceed 350 words and should be structured into separate sections headed Background, Methods, Results and Discussion. Please do not use abbreviations or references in the abstract.

Keywords

Three to six keywords representing the main content of the article.

A list of key words or indexing terms (no more than 6) should be included. A capital letter should be used for the first letter of each key word, separated by a semicolon. The Journal recommends the use of medical subject headings of Index Medicus for key words to avoid the use of several synonyms as entry terms in the index for different papers on the same subject. Remember, key words are used by the SciELO Database (see http://www.scielo.br/bjmbr; articles search/subject) to index published articles.

Introduction

This section should put the work in adequate context and should be comprehensible to non-experts some of who may not have a scientific or technological background.

Review

This should contain the body of the article, and may also be broken into subsections with short, informative headings.

Conclusions

This should state clearly the main conclusions of the review and give a clear explanation of their importance and relevance.

Abbreviations

If abbreviations are used in the text they should be defined in the text at first use.

Competing interests

A competing interest exists when your interpretation of data or presentation of information may be influenced by your personal or financial relationship with other people or organizations. Authors must disclose any financial competing interests; they should also reveal any non-financial competing interests that may cause them embarrassment were they to become public after the publication of the manuscript.

Authors are required to complete a declaration of competing interests. All competing interests that are declared will be listed at the end of published articles. Where an author gives no competing interests, the listing will read 'The author(s) declare that they have no competing interests'.

When completing your declaration, please consider the following questions:

Financial competing interests

  • In the past five years have you received reimbursements, fees, funding, or salary from an organization that may in any way gain or lose financially from the publication of this manuscript, either now or in the future? Is such an organization financing this manuscript (including the article-processing charge)? If so, please specify.
  • Do you hold any stocks or shares in an organization that may in any way gain or lose financially from the publication of this manuscript, either now or in the future? If so, please specify.
  • Do you hold or are you currently applying for any patents relating to the content of the manuscript? Have you received reimbursements, fees, funding, or salary from an organization that holds or has applied for patents relating to the content of the manuscript? If so, please specify.
  • Do you have any other financial competing interests? If so, please specify.

Non-financial competing interests

Are there any non-financial competing interests (political, personal, religious, ideological, academic, intellectual, commercial or any other) to declare in relation to this manuscript? If so, please specify.

If you are unsure as to whether you, or one your co-authors, has a competing interest please discuss it with the editorial office.

Authors' contributions

In order to give appropriate credit to each author of a paper, the individual contributions of authors to the manuscript should be specified in this section.

According to ICMJE guidelines, an 'author' is generally considered to be someone who has made substantive intellectual contributions to a published study. To qualify as an author one should 1) have made substantial contributions to conception and design, or acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data; 2) have been involved in drafting the manuscript or revising it critically for important intellectual content; 3) have given final approval of the version to be published; and 4) agree to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content. Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group, alone, does not justify authorship.

We suggest the following kind of format (please use initials to refer to each author's contribution): AB carried out the molecular genetic studies, participated in the sequence alignment and drafted the manuscript. JY carried out the immunoassays. MT participated in the sequence alignment. ES participated in the design of the study and performed the statistical analysis. FG conceived of the study, and participated in its design and coordination and helped to draft the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, writing assistance, or a department chair who provided only general support.

Authors' information

You may choose to use this section to include any relevant information about the author(s) that may aid the reader's interpretation of the article, and understand the standpoint of the author(s). This may include details about the authors' qualifications, current positions they hold at institutions or societies, or any other relevant background information. Please refer to authors using their initials. Note this section should not be used to describe any competing interests.

Acknowledgements

Please acknowledge anyone who contributed towards the article by making substantial contributions to conception, design, acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data, or who was involved in drafting the manuscript or revising it critically for important intellectual content, but who does not meet the criteria for authorship. Please also include the source(s) of funding for each author, and for the manuscript preparation. Authors must describe the role of the funding body, if any, in design, in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data; in the writing of the manuscript; and in the decision to submit the manuscript for publication. Please also acknowledge anyone who contributed materials essential for the study. If a language editor has made significant revision of the manuscript, we recommend that you acknowledge the editor by name, where possible.

The role of a scientific (medical) writer must be included in the acknowledgements section, including their source(s) of funding. We suggest wording such as 'We thank Jane Doe who provided medical writing services.

References

All references, including URLs, must be numbered consecutively, in square brackets, in the order in which they are cited in the text, followed by any in tables or legends. Each reference must have an individual reference number. Please avoid excessive referencing (between 30 to 50). If automatic numbering systems are used, the reference numbers must be finalized and the bibliography must be fully formatted before submission.

Only articles, datasets, clinical trial registration records that have been published or are in press, or are available through public e-print/preprint servers, may be cited; Journal abbreviations follow Index Medicus/MEDLINE. Citations in the reference list should include first six named authors, up to the  sixth name add 'et al.'. Any in press articles cited within the references and necessary for the reviewers' assessment of the manuscript should be made available if requested by the editorial staff.

Style files are available for use with popular bibliographic management software:

Examples of the Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal reference style are shown below. Please ensure that the reference style is followed precisely; if the references are not in the correct style they may have to be retyped and carefully proofread.

The journal follows the reference format of the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals, which can be found on the website of the National Library of Medicine. Use the Medline journal abbreviations and follow the reference style shown on the Website noted above, with several exceptions. See below for details. All web links and URLs, including links to the authors' own websites, should be given a reference number and included in the reference list rather than within the text of the manuscript.

The following information must be given in the list of references:

Standard article.

Up to the first 6 authors followed by et al., Title, Journal (abbreviation), Year, Volume, Complete Pages.

Xu J, Liu M, Liu J, Caniggia I, Post M. Mechanical strain induces constitutive and regulated secretion of glycosaminoglycans and proteoglycans in fetal lung cells. J Cell Sci 1996; 109 (Pt 6): 1605-1613.

Poirier P, Lemieux I, Mauriege P, Dewailly E, Blanchet C, Bergeron J, et al. Impact of waist circumference on the relationship between blood pressure and insulin: the Quebec Health Survey. Hypertension 2005; 45: 363-367.

The Cardiac Society of Australia and New Zealand. Clinical exercise stress testing. Safety and performance guidelines. Med J Australia 1996; 164: 282-284.

Article accepted for publication but not yet published.

Up to the first 6 authors followed by et al., Title, Journal (abbreviation), Year of expected publication, (in press) at the end of the citation.

Janiszewski M, Lopes LR, Carmo AO, Pedro MA, Brandes RP, Santos CXC, et al. Regulation of NAD(P)H oxidase by associated protein disulfide isomerase in vascular smooth muscle cells. J Biol Chem 2005 (in press).

Article within a journal supplement

Up to the first 6 authors followed by et al., Title, Journal (abbreviation), Year, Volume, Suppl, Complete Pages.

Orengo CA, Bray JE, Hubbard T. Analysis and assessment of ab initio three-dimensional prediction, secondary structure, and contacts prediction. Proteins 1999; 43(Suppl 3):149-170.

Conference, Symposium Proceedings.

Cite papers only from published proceedings.

Hejzlar RM, Diogo PA. The use of water quality modelling for optimising operation of a drinking water reservoir. Proceedings of the International Conference Fluid Mechanics and Hydrology. 1999 Jun 23-26; Prague. Prague: Institute of Hydrodynamics AS CR; 1999. p 475-482.

Book chapter, or article within a book

Book, whole. Authors, Book title, Edition, City, Publisher, Year.

  • Norman IJ, Redfern SJ. Mental health care for elderly people. New York: Churchill Livingstone; 1996.

Book, chapter. Authors, Chapter Title, Editors, Book title, Edition, City, Publisher, Year, Pages of citation.

  • Kintzios SE. What do we know about cancer and its therapy? In: Kintzios SE, Barberaki MG (Editors), Plants that fight cancer. New York: CRC Press; 2004. p 1-14.
  • Scheuer PJ, Lefkowitch JH. Drugs and toxins. In: Scheuer PJ, Lefkowitch JH (Editors), Liver biopsy interpretation. 6th edn. London: WB Saunders; 2000. p 134-150.

Link / URL

They should be provided in full, including both the title of the site and the URL, in the following format: The Mouse Tumor Biology Database [http://tumor.informatics.jax.org/mtbwi/index.do]. If an author or group of authors can clearly be associated with a web link, such as for weblogs, then they should be included in the reference.

Link / URL with author(s)

Corpas M: The Crowdfunding Genome Project: a personal genomics community with open source values [http://blogs.biomedcentral.com/bmcblog/2012/07/16/the-crowdfunding-genome-project-a-personal-genomics-community-with-open-source-values/]

Dataset with persistent identifier

Zheng, L-Y; Guo, X-S; He, B; Sun, L-J; Peng, Y; Dong, S-S; Liu, T-F; Jiang, S; Ramachandran, S; Liu, C-M; Jing, H-C (2011): Genome data from sweet and grain sorghum (Sorghum bicolor). GigaScience. http://dx.doi.org/10.5524/100012.

Preparing illustrations and figures

Illustrations should be provided as separate files, not embedded in the text file. Each figure should include a single illustration and should fit on a single page in portrait format. If a figure consists of separate parts, it is important that a single composite illustration file be submitted which contains all parts of the figure. There is no charge for the use of color figures.

Formats

The following file formats can be accepted:

  • DOCX/DOC (single page only)
  • JPEG
  • BMP

Figure legends

The legends should be included in the main manuscript text file at the end of the document, rather than being a part of the figure file. For each figure, the following information should be provided: Figure number (in sequence, using Arabic numerals - i.e. Figure 1, 2, 3 etc); short title of figure (maximum 15 words); detailed legend, up to 30 words.

Please note that it is the responsibility of the author(s) to obtain permission from the copyright holder to reproduce figures or tables that have previously been published elsewhere.

Preparing tables

Each table should be numbered and cited in sequence using Arabic numerals (i.e. Table 1, 2, 3 etc.). Tables should also have a title (above the table) that summarizes the whole table; it should be no longer than 12 words. Detailed legends may then follow, but they should be concise. Tables should always be cited in text in consecutive numerical order.

Smaller tables considered to be integral to the manuscript can be pasted into the end of the document text file, in A4 portrait or landscape format. These will be typeset and displayed in the final published form of the article. Such tables should be formatted using the 'Table object' in a word processing program to ensure that columns of data are kept aligned when the file is sent electronically for review; this will not always be the case if columns are generated by simply using tabs to separate text. Columns and rows of data should be made visibly distinct by ensuring that the borders of each cell display as black lines. Commas should not be used to indicate numerical values. Color and shading may not be used; parts of the table can be highlighted using symbols or bold text, the meaning of which should be explained in a table legend. Tables should not be embedded as figures or spreadsheet files.

Larger datasets or tables too wide for a portrait page can be uploaded separately as additional files. Additional files will not be displayed in the final, laid-out PDF of the article, but a link will be provided to the files as supplied by the author.

Tabular data provided as additional files can be uploaded as an Excel spreadsheet (.xls ). As with all files, please use the standard file extensions.



XXI. Proceedings

Criteria

Meeting reports should focus on the key developments presented and discussed at the meeting and are intended to rely largely on the work described at the meeting, rather than being fully referenced accounts of a field.

For particularly large meetings it is preferable that more in-depth information is given on a few selected topics, rather than a brief account of absolutely everything presented. The main content of the Meeting reports should focus on new research discoveries and the application of this knowledge.

Preparing main manuscript text

General guidelines of the journal's style and language are given below.

Length of article

Meeting reports should be between 600 to 1200 words.

Overview of manuscript sections for Meeting reports

Manuscripts for Meeting reports submitted to should be divided into the following sections (in this order):

Title and identification page

The page should:

  • Provide the title of the article. The title of the manuscript must not exceed 120 characters including space and must include as much information about the study as possible. Ideally, the terms used in the title should not appear in the list of keywords.
  • Running title. A short title of up to 45 characters to be used as a legend on the printed pages.
  • Authors. Full name in capital letters without title followed by a superscript number (exponent) identifying the institutional affiliation (department, institution, city, state, country and email adress). For more than one author, separate using commas. Please, indicate the corresponding author.
  • Corresponding author: name, full address, email, and telephone number of the corresponding author who is authorized to approve editorial revisions and provide additional information if needed.

Abstract

A short, unstructured, single paragraph of 25-40 words giving an indication of the meeting on which the report is based; if it is based on one symposium at a big meeting, say so here. On first mention the meeting should be referred to in the style.

Keywords

Three to six keywords representing the main content of the article.

A list of key words or indexing terms (no more than 6) should be included. A capital letter should be used for the first letter of each key word, separated by a semicolon. The Journal recommends the use of medical subject headings of Index Medicus for key words to avoid the use of several synonyms as entry terms in the index for different papers on the same subject. Remember, key words are used by the SciELO Database (see http://www.scielo.br/bjmbr; articles search/subject) to index published articles.

Main text

This should contain the body of the article, and may be broken into subsections with short, informative headings. Headings should describe the section contents but there should be no more than four in an article.

For each speaker mentioned, it is important to provide their full name, institute/company and country. On second mention, the speaker becomes just last name (no first name, no affiliation).

Abbreviations

If abbreviations are used in the text they should be defined in the text at first use.

Competing interests

A competing interest exists when your interpretation of data or presentation of information may be influenced by your personal or financial relationship with other people or organizations. Authors must disclose any financial competing interests; they should also reveal any non-financial competing interests that may cause them embarrassment were they to become public after the publication of the manuscript.

Authors are required to complete a declaration of competing interests. All competing interests that are declared will be listed at the end of published articles. Where an author gives no competing interests, the listing will read 'The author(s) declare that they have no competing interests'.

When completing your declaration, please consider the following questions:

Financial competing interests

  • In the past five years have you received reimbursements, fees, funding, or salary from an organization that may in any way gain or lose financially from the publication of this manuscript, either now or in the future? Is such an organization financing this manuscript (including the article-processing charge)? If so, please specify.
  • Do you hold any stocks or shares in an organization that may in any way gain or lose financially from the publication of this manuscript, either now or in the future? If so, please specify.
  • Do you hold or are you currently applying for any patents relating to the content of the manuscript? Have you received reimbursements, fees, funding, or salary from an organization that holds or has applied for patents relating to the content of the manuscript? If so, please specify.
  • Do you have any other financial competing interests? If so, please specify.

Non-financial competing interests

Are there any non-financial competing interests (political, personal, religious, ideological, academic, intellectual, commercial or any other) to declare in relation to this manuscript? If so, please specify.

If you are unsure as to whether you, or one your co-authors, has a competing interest please discuss it with the editorial office.

Acknowledgements

Please acknowledge anyone who contributed towards the article by making substantial contributions to conception, design, acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data, or who was involved in drafting the manuscript or revising it critically for important intellectual content, but who does not meet the criteria for authorship. Please also include the source(s) of funding for each author, and for the manuscript preparation. Authors must describe the role of the funding body, if any, in design, in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data; in the writing of the manuscript; and in the decision to submit the manuscript for publication. Please also acknowledge anyone who contributed materials essential for the study. If a language editor has made significant revision of the manuscript, we recommend that you acknowledge the editor by name, where possible.

The role of a scientific (medical) writer must be included in the acknowledgements section, including their source(s) of funding. We suggest wording such as 'We thank Jane Doe who provided medical writing services.

Preparing illustrations and figures

Illustrations should be provided as separate files, not embedded in the text file. Each figure should include a single illustration and should fit on a single page in portrait format. If a figure consists of separate parts, it is important that a single composite illustration file be submitted which contains all parts of the figure. There is no charge for the use of color figures.

Formats

The following file formats can be accepted:

  • DOCX/DOC (single page only)
  • JPEG
  • BMP

Figure legends

The legends should be included in the main manuscript text file at the end of the document, rather than being a part of the figure file. For each figure, the following information should be provided: Figure number (in sequence, using Arabic numerals - i.e. Figure 1, 2, 3 etc); short title of figure (maximum 15 words); detailed legend, up to 30 words.

Please note that it is the responsibility of the author(s) to obtain permission from the copyright holder to reproduce figures or tables that have previously been published elsewhere.

Preparing tables

Each table should be numbered and cited in sequence using Arabic numerals (i.e. Table 1, 2, 3 etc.). Tables should also have a title (above the table) that summarizes the whole table; it should be no longer than 12 words. Detailed legends may then follow, but they should be concise. Tables should always be cited in text in consecutive numerical order.

Smaller tables considered to be integral to the manuscript can be pasted into the end of the document text file, in A4 portrait or landscape format. These will be typeset and displayed in the final published form of the article. Such tables should be formatted using the 'Table object' in a word processing program to ensure that columns of data are kept aligned when the file is sent electronically for review; this will not always be the case if columns are generated by simply using tabs to separate text. Columns and rows of data should be made visibly distinct by ensuring that the borders of each cell display as black lines. Commas should not be used to indicate numerical values. Color and shading may not be used; parts of the table can be highlighted using symbols or bold text, the meaning of which should be explained in a table legend. Tables should not be embedded as figures or spreadsheet files.

Larger datasets or tables too wide for a portrait page can be uploaded separately as additional files. Additional files will not be displayed in the final, laid-out PDF of the article, but a link will be provided to the files as supplied by the author.

Tabular data provided as additional files can be uploaded as an Excel spreadsheet (.xls ). As with all files, please use the standard file extensions.



XXII. Letters to the Editor

Letters to the Editor should be succinct original contributions, not exceeding 800 words and containing a maximum of 6 references. Comments and suggestions related to previously published materials or to any medical theme of interest will be considered for publication.