Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal
http://mtprehabjournal.com/article/doi/10.17784/mtprehabjournal.2015.13.320
Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal
Review

Malocclusion influence on balance and posture: a systematic review.

Stancker, Tatiane Garcia; Silva, Andréia Cristina de Oliveira; Pasin Neto, Hugo; Rodrigues, Cristiane Delgado Alves

Downloads: 1
Views: 423

Abstract

Introduction: Malocclusion can be defined as an imbalance between the masticatory system and neuromuscular Temporomandibular joint. It is considered as a result of the sum of genetic, environmental and postural elements therefore of multifactorial origin. Objective: To review the existing literature if malocclusion influence in posture and balance of the subject. Methods: This is a systematic review, which searched up clinical studies, published between 2009 and 2014 in English, Portuguese and Spanish, in the databases SciELO, PubMed, Lilacs and Sience Direct, using the keywords malocclusion/posture and malocclusion/body balance. Studies were included that had to evaluate the posture and/or balance in patients with malocclusion, were excluded systematic reviews and studies that did not correspond to the proposed theme. Results: In addition to the articles found in all databases, the corpus generated by the literature consisted of 828 records; 13 of them responded to the proposed theme. About the selected literature, eight studies showed significant results regarding the relationship between malocclusion and posture, and two as malocclusion and body balance. Conclusion: it was concluded that malocclusion is associated with the posture of the changes, since the balance, only two studies presented this outcome and was in a considered positive for the worsening of static equilibrium, but with no clinical application, and another positive for improves dynamic balance.

Keywords

Occlusion, Posture, Body Balance.

References

1. Perinetti G, Contardo L, Silvestrini-Biavati A, Perdoni L, Castaldo A. Dental malocclusion and body posture in young subjects: A multiple regression study. Clinics. 2010;65(7):689-95.

2. dos Reis AC, Lima ECB, Moyses MR, Ribeiro JCR, Silva LJ. Entrenamiento de postura en pacientes portadores de disfunciones temporo-mandibulares. Acta odontol. venez. 2007;45(2):302-305.

3. Amantéa DV, Novaes AP, Campolongo G D, Barros TP. A importância da avaliação postural no paciente com disfunção da articulação temporomandibular. Acta ortop. bras. 2004 Sep;12(3):155-159.

4. Bricot B. Posturologia. 2ª Ed. São Paulo: Ícone; 2001.

5. McNeill C. Ciência e prática da oclusão. São Paulo: Quintessence, 2000.

6. Rizo AMH, Cabello MA, Pozo FP, Carrasco AL. La postura del segmento cráneo-cervical y su relación con la oclusión dental y la aplicación de ortodoncia: estudio de revisión. Osteopatía Cientifica. 2010;05:89-96.

7. Kutin G, Hawes RR. Posterior cross-bites in the deciduous and mixed dentitions. Am J Orthod. 1969;56(5):491-504.

8. Artese A, Drummond S, Nascimento JM, Artese F. Critérios para o diagnóstico e tratamento estável da mordida aberta anterior. Dental Press J Orthod. 2011 Mai-Jun;16(3):136-61.

9. Pérez LJ, Gómez S, Llano E, Rivera WA. Postura craneocervical em pacientes infantiles después de la terapia com mentonera. Un estudio piloto. Revista Facultad de Odontología Universidad de Antioquia. 2009 Primer semestre;20(2).

10. Lopes JJM, Lucato A, Boeck EM, Kuramae M, Vedovello Filho M. Relação entre mordida cruzada posterior e alterações posturais em crianças. RGO, Porto Alegre. 2009 Out/Dez;57(4):413-18.

11. Marşan G, Öztaş E, Cura N, Vasfi Kuvat S, Emekli U. Changes in head posture and hyoid bone position in Turkish Class III patients after mandibular setback surgery. Journal of Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery. 2010;38:113-21.

12. Aldana PA, Báez RJ, Sandoval CC, Vergara NC, Cauvl LD, Reguera AF. Asociación entre maloclusiones y posición de la cabeza y cuello. Int. J. Odontostomat. 2011;5(2):119-25.

13. Perillo L, Femminella B, Farronato D, Bacceti T, Contardo L, Perinetti G. Do malocclusion and Helkimo Index ≥ 5 correlate with body posture? Journal of Oral Rehabilitation. 2011;38:242–52.

14. García N, Sanhueza A, Cantín M, Fuentes R. Evaluation of Cervical Posture of Adolescent Subjects in Skeletal Class I, II, and III. Int. J. Morphol. 2012;30(2):405-10.

15. Deda MRC, Mello-Filho FV, Xavier SP, Trawitzki LVV. Postura de cabeça nas deformidades dentofaciais Classe II e Classe III. Rev. CEFAC. 2012 Mar-Abr;14(2):274-80.

16. Lippold C, Moiseenko T, Drerup B, Schilgen M, Végh A, Danesh G. Spine deviations and orthodontic treatment of asymmetric malocclusions in children. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders. 2012;13:151.

17. Silvestrini-Biavati A, Migliorati M, Demarziani E, Tecco S, Silvestrini-Biavati P, Polimeni A, Saccucci M. Clinical association between teeth malocclusions, wrong posture and ocular convergence disorders: an epidemiological investigation on primary school children. BMC Pediatrics. 2013;13:12.

18. Kumar S, Pentapati KC. Effect of low pull headgear on head position. The Saudi Dental Journal. 2013;25:23–27.

19. Kim M, Kim B, Youn J, Kim Y, Park Y. Head posture and pharyngeal airway volume changes after bimaxillary surgery for mandibular prognathism. Journal of Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery. 2014;42:531-35.

20. Kim P, Sarauw MT, Sonnesen L. Cervical vertebral column morphology and head posture in preorthodontic patients with anterior open bite. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics. 2014 March;145(3):359-66.

21. Guedes SPC, Teixeira BV, Cattoni DM. Medidas orofaciais em adolescents do estado do Rio de Janeiro Segundo a tipologia facial. Revista CEFAC. 2010 Jan-Fev;12(1):68-74.

588167e17f8c9d710a8b45b7 mtprehab Articles
Links & Downloads

Man. Ther., Posturology Rehabil. J.

Share this page
Page Sections