Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal
http://mtprehabjournal.com/article/doi/10.17784/mtprehabjournal.2015.13.298
Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal
Research Article

Nociceptive capacity of plantar irritating stimulus reduction influences postural control in children, teenagers, and adults.

Marc, Janin; Ceci, Lisandro Antonio; Parreira, Rodolfo Borges

Downloads: 2
Views: 856

Abstract

Introduction: Sensory information from vestibular, visual, proprioception, and feet contribute on postural control. Plantar afferent contribution comes from the tactile and nociceptive cues of the plantar sole. Nociceptive capacity of plantar irritating stimulus (NCPIS) is one of the foot problems that induce nociception. Objective: Was to determine the postural impact of sensory input flow modifications induced by foam in people with and without nociceptive plantar irritating stimuli in different ages (children, adolescents, and adults). Method: 120 participants with (NP) and X without (Ct) NCPIS in different age group were evaluated (20 subjects in each age group and conditions). Postural balance assessment was performed during two-legged stance test using a force platform. Postural recoding was performed with eyes open in two conditions: on a hard surface and on a foam surface. The postural balance parameter analyzed was center of pressure area and variance of speed. Results: Area and variance of speed in control group increased, whereas decreased in NP subjects. No differences were observed for mean speed. In the Ct group, nociceptor and mechanoreceptor afferent sensations on foam induced postural variation with more oscillations (area and speed). Conclusion: NCPIS influenced postural control, and this foam neutralization of afferent nociception induced a new sensory organization. Foam surface imitated afferent plantar sensory information, induced postural variation as measured by CoP parameters with increasing postural control in subjects without NCIPS and decreasing postural control in subjects with NCPIS.

Keywords

Postural control, Force platform, Plantar sensory, Foam surface

References

1. Massion J. Postural control system. Curr Opin Neurobiol 1994;4:877–887. 2. Patel M, Fransson PA, Johansson R, Magnusson M. Foam posturography: standing on foam is not equivalent to standing with decreased rapidly adapting mechanoreceptive sensation. Exp Brain Res 2011;208:519-527.

3. Patel M, Magnusson M, Kristinsdottir E, Fransson PA. The contribution of mechanoreceptive sensation on stability and adaptation in the young and elderly. Eur J Appl Physiol 2009;105:167–173.

4. Bloem BR, Allum JH, Carpenter MG, Verschuuren JJ, Honegger F. Triggering of balance corrections and compensatory strategies in a patient with total leg proprioceptive loss. Exp Brain Res 2002;142:91–107.

5. Meyer PF, Oddsson LI, De Luca CJ. (a). The role of plantar cutaneous sensation in unperturbed stance. Exp Brain Res 2004;56:505–512.

6. Peterka RJ. Sensorimotor integration in human postural control. J Neurophysiol 2002;88:1097–1118.

7. Kavounoudias A, Roll R, Roll JP. The plantar sole is a ‘dynamometric map’ for human balance control. Neuroreport 1998;9:3247–3252. 8. Forth KE, Laine CS. Neuromuscular responses to mechanical foot stimulation: the influence of loading and postural context. Aviat Space Environ Med 2008;79:844-851.

9. Janin M, Dupui P. The effects of unilateral medial arch support stimulation on plantar pressure and center of pressure adjustment in young gymnasts. Neurosci Lett 2009;461:245-248.

10. Meyer PF, Oddsson LI, De Luca CJ. (b). Reduced plantar sensitivity alters postural responses to lateral perturbations of balance. Exp Brain Res 2004;157:526–536. 11. Stal F, Fransson PA, Magnusson M, Karlberg M. Effects of hypothermic anesthesia of the feet on vibration-induced body sway and adaptation. J Vestib Res 2003;13:39–52.

12. Johansson R, Magnusson M. Human postural dynamics. Crit Rev Biomed Eng 1991;18:413–437.

13. Enbom H, Magnusson M, Pyykko I. Postural compensation in children with congenital or early acquired bilateral vestibular loss. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2001;100:472–478.

14. Perry S, McIllroy W, Maki B. The role of plantar cutaneous mechanoreceptors in the control of compensatory stepping reactions evoked by unpredictable, multi-directional perturbation. Brain Res 2000;877:401–406.

15. Zaino C.A, McCoy S.W. Reliability and comparison of electromyographic and kinetic measurements during a standing reach task in children with and without cerebral palsy. Gait Posture 2008;27:128-137.

16. Lewis GN, Rice DA, Jourdain K, McNair PJ. Influence os stimulation location and posture on the reliability and comfort of the nociceptive flexion reflex. Pain Res Manag 2012;17:110-114.

17. Morioka S, Fujita H, Hiyamizu M, Maeoka H, Matsuo A. Effects of Plantar perception training on standing posture balance in the old and the very old living in nursing facilities: a randomized controlled trial. Clin Rehabil 2011;25:1011-1120.

18. Janin M. Is the distribution of the Nociceptive Capacity of Plantar Irritating Stimulus different in dyslexic children in the non-dyslexiques? Clinical Neurophysiology 2012;42:397-398.

19. Janin M. Repartition and evaluation of the Nociceptive Capacity of Plantar Irritating Stimulus for the athlete. La revue du podologue, Elsevier Masson, France. 2011;42:10-14. 20. Sobera M, Siedlecka B, Syczewska M. Posture control development in children aged 2-7 years old, based on the changes of repeatability of the stability indices. Neurosci Lett 2011;491:13-17. 21. Thedon T, Mandrick K, Foissac M, Mottet D, Perrey S. Degraded postural performance after muscle fatigue can be compensated by skim stimulation. Gait Posture 2011;33:686-689.

22. Van Beers RJBP, Wolpert DM. Role of uncertainty in sensorimotor control. Phil Trans R Soc Lond [BR] 2002;357:1137–1145.

23. Fransson PA, Gomez S, Patel M, Johansson L. Changes in multi-segmented body movements and EMG activity while standing on firm and foam support surfaces. Eur J Appl Physiol 2007;101:81–89.

24. Assaiante C, Mallau S, Viel S, Jover M, Schmitz C. Development of postural control in healthy children: a functional approach. Neural Plasticity 2005;12:109-118.

25. Hinman M.R. Validity and reliability of measures obtained from the balance performance monitor during quiet standing. Physiotherapy 1997;83:579-581.

26. Viel S, Vaugoyeau M, Assaiante C. Adolescence: a transient period of proprioceptive neglect in sensory integration of postural control. Motor Control 2009;13:25-42.

27. Bernard-Demanze L, Dumitrescu M, Jimeno P, Borel L, Lacour M. Age-relatade changes on posture control are differentially affected by postural and cognitive task complexity. Curr Aging Sci 2009;2:139-149.

28. Assaiante C, Chabeauti PY, Sveistrup H, Vaugoyeau M. Updating process of internal model of action as assessed from motor and postural strategies in young adults. Hum Mov Sci 2011;3:227-237.

29. Wu G, Chiang JH. The significance of somatosensory stimulations to the human foot in the control of postural reflexes. Exp Brain Res 1997;114:163–169.

30. Clark S, Riley MA. Multisensory information for postural control: sway-referencing gain shapes center of pressure variability and temporal dynamics. Exp Brain Res 2007;176:299-310.

31. Kennedy PM, Inglis JT. Distribution and behavior of glabrous cutaneous receptors in the human foot sole. J Physiol 2002;538:995-1002.

588167e07f8c9d710a8b45b3 mtprehab Articles
Links & Downloads

Man. Ther., Posturology Rehabil. J.

Share this page
Page Sections