Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal
Manual Therapy, Posturology & Rehabilitation Journal
Research Article

Influence of exercise order on the number of repetitions in untrained teenagers.

Moraes, Eveline; Nobre, Marcelo Pontes; Maia, Marianna de Freitas; Salles, Belmiro de Freitas; Miranda, Humberto; Simão, Roberto

Downloads: 0
Views: 408


Introduction: Prescription of resistance training (RT) is increasing among teenagers, requiring further studies to investigate the effects on this population. Objective: To examine the different orders on exercises sequence and its influence on the number of repetitions in teenager. Methods: Participated in the study 12 voluntarily male teenagers (14.91 ± 0.79 years, 1.69 ± 8.61 cm, 62.24 ± 7.26 kg) without experience in RT. After 48 hours of the last session of 10 repetitions maximum (10RM) test, subjects performed one of the four sequences of exercises in a counterbalanced crossover design. Four different sequences were also performed with a interval of 48 hours. All sequences were three sets of each exercise with 10RM load, with two-minute intervals between sets and exercises. The order of exercises was the sequence 1: bench press (BP), pulldown (PD), machine shoulder press (SP), biceps curl (BC) and triceps (TR); Sequence 2: TR, BC, SP, PD and BP; the sequence 3: Leg press (LP), leg extension (LE) and leg curl (LC); Sequence 4: LC, LE and LP. Results: Significant differences were observed (p <0.05) in the total number of repetitions for the BP exercises, SP, BC and TR for the sequence of the upper limbs and for the lower limbs and the LP and LE exercises. Conclusion: The results suggest that the performance of the average number of repetitions for sessions conducted with RT intensity of 10RM in teenagers was influenced by the different kind of exercises in both upper and lower limbs.


Resistance training, Muscle performance, Exercise order


1. Faigenbaum AD, Kraemer WJ, Blimkie CJ, Jeffreys I, Micheli LJ, Nitka et al. Youth resistance training: updated position statement paper from the national strength and conditioning association. J Strength Cond Res. 2009(23):60-79.

2. Ramsay J, Blimkie C, Smith K, Garner S, Macdougall J. Strength training effects in prepubescent boys. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1990(22):605-14.

3. Morris F, Naughton G, Gibbs J, Carlson J, Wark J. Prospective ten-month exercise intervention in premenarcheal girls: Positive effects on bone and lean mass. J Bone Miner Res. 1997;12:1453-62.

4. American Academy of Pediatrics. Strength Training by Children and Adolescents. Pediatrics. 2008;121:834-40.

5. Granacher U, Goesele A, Roggo K, Wischer T, Fischer S, Zuerny C, et al. Effects and mechanisms of strength training in children. Int J Sports Med. 2011;32:357-64.

6. American College of Sports Medicine. Position stand: Progression models in resistance training for healthy adults. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2009;41:687-8.

7. Sforzo GA, Touey PR. Manipulating exercise order affects muscular performance during a resistance exercise training session. J Strength Cond Res. 1996;10:20-4.

8. Simão R, Farinatti PT, Polito MD, Maior AS, Fleck SJ. Influence of exercise order on the number of repetitions performed and perceived exertion during resistance exercises. J Strength Cond Res. 2005;19:152-6.

9. Spreuwenberg LP, Kraemer WJ, Spiering BA, Volek JS, Hatfield DL, Silvestre R, et al. Influence of exercise order in a resistance-training exercise session. J Strength Cond Res. 2006;20:141-4.

10. Simão R, Farinatti PT, Polito MD, Viveiros L, Fleck SJ. Influence of exercise order on the number of repetitions performed and perceived exertion during resistance exercise in women. J Strength Cond Res. 2007;21:23-8.

11. Simão R, Salles BF, Figueiredo T, Dias I, Willardson JM. A review exercise order in resistance training. Sports Med. 2012;42:251-65.

12. Simão R, Figueiredo T, Leite RD, Jansen A, Willardson JM. Influence of exercise order on repetition performance during low-intensity resistance exercise. Res Sports Med. 2012;20(3-4);263-73.

13. Chaves CP, Simão R, Miranda H, Ribeiro J, Soares J, Salles B, et al. Influence of exercise order on muscle damage during moderate-intensity resistance exercise and recovery. Res Sports Med. 2013;21(2):176-86.

14. Miranda H, Figueiredo T, Rodrigues B, Paz GA, Simão R. Influence of exercise order on repetition performance among all possible combinations on resistance training. Res Sports Med. 2013;21(4):355-66.

15. Romano N, Alves J, Fernandes HM, Saavedra F, Paz G, Miranda H, et al. Effects of resistance exercise order on the number of repetitions performed to failure and perceived exertion in untrained young males. J Hum Kinet. 2013;39:177-83.

16. Duke PM, Litt IF, Gross RT. Adolescents self-assessment of sexual maturation. Pediatrics. 1980;66:918-20.

17. Bellezza PA, Hall EE, Miller PC, Bixby WR. The influence of exercise order on blood lactate, perceptual, and affective responses. J Strength Cond Res. 2009;23:203-8.

18. Figueiredo T, Rhea MR, Bunker D, Dias I, Salles BF, Fleck S, et al. The influence of order on local muscular endurance during resistance training in women. Hum Movim. 2011;12:237-41.

19. Paz GA, Willardson JM, Simão R, Miranda R. Effect of different antagonist protocols on repetition performance and muscle activation. Med Sportiva. 2013;17(3):106-12.

20. Paz GA, Robbins DW, Oliveira CG, Bottaro M, Miranda H. Volume load and neuromuscular fatigue during an acute bout of agonist-antagonist paired-set versus traditional-set training. J Strength Cond Res. 2015;in press.

21. Paz GA, Maia MF, Lima VP, Oliveira CG, Bezerra E, Simão R, et al. Maximal exercise performance and electromyography responses after antagonist neuromuscular proprioceptive facilitation: A pilot study. JEPonline. 2012;15(6):60-7.

588167eb7f8c9d710a8b45db mtprehab Articles
Links & Downloads

Man. Ther., Posturology Rehabil. J.

Share this page
Page Sections